JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr Interested in submitting to this journal? We recommend that you review the About the Journal page for the journal's section policies, as well as the Author Guidelines. Authors need to register with the journal prior to submitting or, if already registered, can simply log in and begin the five-step process. en-US <p>Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.</p> editor@cirworld.com (Gurdev Singh) jssr@cirworld.com (Bikramjit Singh) Thu, 08 Nov 2018 08:23:09 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Problems Encountered in Femanine Primary School Headship in Marange in Mutare District. https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/7925 <p>The purpose of this study was to investigate and identify the problems faced by female head teachers in the management of primary schools in Marange area in Mutare district in Manicaland province. The mixed method research design was used which incorporate both qualitative and quantitative methods. The target population in this study were the female head teachers in Marange area in Mutare district, teachers and the Education Officer of Marange area in Mutare district. Marange area in Mutare district has 52 primary schools, of which seven (7) are headed by female head teachers. The researchers used questionnaires and interview guides for collection of data. The interview was targeted for female head teachers and Education Inspector of Marange area in Mutare district. The data that was obtained was both quantitative and qualitative. Majority of the teachers (75.0%) said that their perception towards their head teachers was good. Majority of the teachers (87.5%) noted that psychological traits do not bar the head teachers from performing school duties effectively. All of the teachers noted that the students accorded male and female teachers at the same level of respect. The following conclusions were drawn. Female head teachers are positively viewed by their teachers and students and are approachable since they encourage them to work to attain their goals in schools. Cultural and social barriers do interfere with the management of school affairs. Half (50%) of the head teachers said there was no role conflict between domestic and professional roles while 50% of head teachers felt that there was conflict. On the psychological factors influencing the head teachers’ performance, 87.5% of the teachers said that biological traits did not bar the head teachers from performing school duties. This was because they had a teaching experience, were assertive and aggressive. The study recommended that since female heads were positively viewed strongly by teachers, there is need for them to be given more posts of leadership in primary schools. Thus female head teachers are effective hence, they are able to achieve the goals of their respective institutions. Although cultural and social barriers may interfere with the management of school affairs, there is need for female heads to be encouraged to achieve leadership positions since they can manage the roles of leaders through mentorship.</p> Whatmore Chikwature, Oyedele V ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/7925 Sat, 01 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Infrastructure Investment and Industrial Development in Nigeria: The Critical Nexus https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/7821 <p>Many studies have established the critical role played by infrastructure in economic growth and development of nations globally, but relatively few studies have considered the relationship between infrastructure and industrial development. The few studies done in this area especially in Nigeria emphasized the hard core infrastructure-industry relationship. This justifies the study of relationship of both soft and hard core infrastructure with industrial development in Nigeria, using co-integration and error correction mechanism (ECM); with data spanning 1985 and 2015. Findings indicated that all the variables employed in the study contained unit root properties; and were stationary at level. A long run equilibrium relationship was established between infrastructure investment and the index of industrial production in the country. The study also revealed that 12.9% speed of adjustment is required to adjust towards equilibrium in the long run. The study therefore concluded that in the long run investment in both hard and soft core infrastructure would contribute significantly to the level of industrial development in the country, through high quality work force and improvement in life expectancy of average Nigerians.</p> Simon-Oke O. Olayemi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/7821 Thu, 08 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Empathy as Political Action Can Empathic Engagement Disrupt Narratives of Conflict in Israeli-Palestinian Relations https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/7934 <p class="Default" style="line-height: 200%;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">Democracy and peace rest on the ability of political institutions to channel conflict nonviolently. Most of the nearly two hundred states in the world today, however are not the product of negotiated social contracts. Rather, they came into existence as a result of political violence – imperialism, conquest, border wars, revolution, civil wars, anti-colonial independence movements, and the disintegration of empires. State formation thus often leaves a legacy of grievances and identities shaped in part by narratives and experiences of historical injury and victimization. Identity narratives are implicated not only in interstate conflict, but also in “ethnic” or “communal” conflicts within states. Can collective political action aimed at evoking empathy across the divide of identity-based enmity counter, challenge, or even disrupt these narratives of victimization and open spaces for the development or strengthening of identities committed to “what we have in common” as well as “how we are different,” and thus contribute to de-escalating, mitigating, resolving, or avoiding violent conflict altogether?</span></p> Franke Wilmer ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/7934 Sat, 01 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Attitude Fosters Support for Indonesia’s Drug War: A Quantitative Analysis of The University Students of Indonesia https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/7908 <p>This quantitative study investigates the direct attributors to the formation of the intention of the Indonesian university students in supporting the War on Drugs of the Widodo administration. The core of this research rest upon the imperative role of public support to the furtherance of the enforcement of contentious policies such as the War on Drugs This study is theoretically anchored from the Theory of Planned Behavior of Icek Ajzen which links Attitude, Subjective norm, and Perceived Behavioral Control to intention - the intention to support the War on Drugs of Jokowi’s administration. In answer to the questions raised by the research, a self-reported questionnaire survey was conducted to 194 students enrolled in selected universities in Indonesia, namely, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Universitas Islamic Institute, and Universities Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Structural Equation Modelling and regression analysis was employed in evaluating and analyzing the results gathered from the survey. The analysis revealed that among Attitude, Subjective Norm, and Perceive Behavioral Control, only Attitude has emerged to have a positive impact over the intention of the students to support Indonesia’s Drug War Strategies. Hence, positive attitude towards the drug war is argued to drive intentions of support from the public. Consequently, in programs aimed at increasing public support for Drug War, attitude transformation strategies must be the core focus.</p> Queenie Pearl Villalon Tomaro, Dyah Mutiarin, David N. Almarez ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/7908 Sat, 01 Dec 2018 11:05:08 +0000