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CIRWORLD en-US JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH 2321-1091 <p>Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.</p> <p>The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations. The submitting author is responsible for securing any permissions needed for the reuse of copyrighted materials included in the manuscript.</p> <p>While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.</p> The Effectiveness of 12-Week Greek Traditional Dances Training for Improving Postmenopausal Women Cardiorespiratory Fitness https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/7354 <p>The purpose of the present study was to examine the effectiveness of 12-week Greek traditional dances training for improving postmenopausal women cardiorespiratory fitness. Twenty three postmenopausal women, aged 55-68 years, were, randomly, chosen and separated to an experimental group (n=13) that attended a 12-week Greek traditional dances program at a frequency of three sessions per week, 50 minutes each, and a control group (n=10) that continued their daily habits for the same period. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed by the six-minute walking test (6MWT) and resting heart rate (HR). For data analysis, the non-parametric test Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney U test, and Pearson correlation of the SPSS ver. 20.0 for windows was used. No significant difference in the baseline measures was detected between the two groups. After the intervention program it was found out a significant decrease in resting HR (z=-2.50, p&lt;0.05) for the experimental group, but an increase for the control group. A significant increase in distance travelled during the 6MWT (z=-3.18, p&lt;0.01) was observed in the experimental group, while the control group presented a significant decrease (z=-2.49, p&lt;0.05). The results provide evidence for the effectiveness of Greek traditional dances programs in improving the cardiorespiratory fitness of postmenopausal women.</p> FOTIOS MAVROVOUNIOTIS EFTHALIA KONTAXI EIRINI ARGIRIADOU ASTERIOS DELIGIANNIS ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2018-05-28 2018-05-28 12 2 2653 2671 10.24297/jssr.v12i2.7354 Academic freedom, integrity and research ethics https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/7393 <p>The limits, purpose and scope of academic freedom have been the subject of media controversy, partly because academic freedom and academic integrity are close relatives, the occasional missing link being research ethics. While freedom and integrity should protect each another, it is difficult for institutions and those who navigate them to balance competing and conflicting demands. Some of these demands are at the institutional level and others at the individual level. The purpose of this paper is to tease out some of the issues which are often too sensitive to articulate in the public square.</p> Anthony G Shannon Dr Danielle Eden ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2018-05-25 2018-05-25 12 2 2672 2679 10.24297/jssr.v12i2.7393 Neoliberal Democratic Reforms in Post-Gaddafi Era: Implications for Political Stability in Libya, 2011-2016 https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/7447 <p>This study investigates the neoliberal democratic reforms in post-Gaddafi era and its implications for political stability in Libya. Specifically, the study examined the contradictions of the ruling class project of democratization in Libya and their implications for political instability in the post-Gaddafi era. The study found that the democratic project as propagated by the ruling class in post-Gaddafi’s Libya is an intrinsic feature of modernization, a transition from authoritarian to more open political systems, a process linking economic reform and political liberalization perceived as not expressing an organic unity, but separate and either consecutively or concurrently linked. By viewing political instability as an inevitable pendulum of the cyclical transition from authoritarian to more democratic system, neoliberal democracy in post-Gaddafi’s Libya legitimizes authoritarianism in so far as it promotes modernization and liberal system of free market economy. The implication of the study is that the adoption of a new economic system, as well as western-style political institutions in post-Gaddafi Libya, relegating the consultation and active participation of the Libyan people undermined the democratic project. The exclusion of Libyans in the democratization process ultimately gave rise to political instability in post-revolution Libya. We therefore, recommended a referendum as a preferred option for Libyans to decide economic and political organization of Libya.</p> Okey Oji Raymond Adibe Chukwuemeka Ejiofor Ikemefuna Nwoke  Chikwado Ezugworie ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2018-05-30 2018-05-30 12 2 2680 2690 10.24297/jssr.v12i2.7447