JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr Interested in submitting to this journal? We recommend that you review the About the Journal page for the journal's section policies, as well as the Author Guidelines. Authors need to register with the journal prior to submitting or, if already registered, can simply log in and begin the five-step process. KHALSA PUBLICATIONS en-US JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH 2321-1091 <p>Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.</p> Problems Encountered in Femanine Primary School Headship in Marange in Mutare District. https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/7948 <p>The purpose of this study was to investigate and identify the problems faced by female head teachers in the management of primary schools in Marange area in Mutare district in Manicaland province. The mixed method research design was used which incorporate both qualitative and quantitative methods. The target population in this study were the female head teachers in Marange area in Mutare district, teachers and the Education Officer of Marange area in Mutare district. Marange area in Mutare district has 52 primary schools, of which seven (7) are headed by female head teachers. The researchers used questionnaires and interview guides for collection of data. The interview was targeted for female head teachers and Education Inspector of Marange area in Mutare district. The data that was obtained was both quantitative and qualitative. Majority of the teachers (75.0%) said that their perception towards their head teachers was good. Majority of the teachers (87.5%) noted that psychological traits do not bar the head teachers from performing school duties effectively. All of the teachers noted that the students accorded male and female teachers at the same level of respect. The following conclusions were drawn. Female head teachers are positively viewed by their teachers and students and are approachable since they encourage them to work to attain their goals in schools. Cultural and social barriers do interfere with the management of school affairs. Half (50%) of the head teachers said there was no role conflict between domestic and professional roles while 50% of head teachers felt that there was conflict. On the psychological factors influencing the head teachers’ performance, 87.5% of the teachers said that biological traits did not bar the head teachers from performing school duties. This was because they had a teaching experience, were assertive and aggressive. The study recommended that since female heads were positively viewed strongly by teachers, there is need for them to be given more posts of leadership in primary schools. Thus, female head teachers are effective hence, they are able to achieve the goals of their respective institutions. Although cultural and social barriers may interfere with the management of school affairs, there is need for female heads to be encouraged to achieve leadership positions since they can manage the roles of leaders through mentorship.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Whatmore Chikwature Oyedele V ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-02-02 2019-02-02 14 2946 2963 10.24297/jssr.v13i0.7948 ROLE OF WOMEN IN THE SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF INDIGENOUS WOODLANDS IN MARANGE COMMUNAL LANDS https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8093 <p>This research study sought to determine the role of women in the sustainable management of indigenous woodlands in Manicaland province using Marange communal lands as a point of reference. In this study three traditional leaders, three women’s groups and seventy community women were used as research subjects. Questionnaires were used to gather data from the local women from the three selected villages. Interviews were also used to collect information from traditional leaders and women’s group leaders. These interviews were important in complementing data collected through questionnaires. Field observations were also carried out to enrich the data collected through interviews and questionnaires. The study showed that while women played a vital role in the sustainable management of indigenous woodlands in Marange communal lands, they faced various constraints including greater workload at home with little time to pursue activities outside the family. Therefore the study recommends that since women are more intimately involved with the environment through their day to day activities like fuel wood collection, they should be given due recognition in decision making processes. Finally, it is also recommended that the land tenure system should be redesigned to cater for female heads of households.</p> Whatmore Chikwature Chikwature E ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 14 3048 3056 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8093 Health Service Delivery Complexities in Mutare Urban, Manicaland Zimbabwe https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8050 <p>This research study sought to identify the health service delivery challenges in urban areas using Mutare as a point of reference. Interviews, focus group discussions and observations were used to collect data from selected residents of Mutare city. Mutare city is experiencing poor service provisions and serious health service delivery challenges. This is witnessed by high doctor to patient ratio, high infant and maternal mortality rates as well as high incidences of malaria and other infectious diseases. The challenges are not limited to drugs and medical facilities, medical staff, transport, distance and referral mechanism, costs and financing of services culture and attitudes, corruption and bribery. Recommendations were made regarding the possible adjustment to existing health strategies and policies used in Zimbabwe, for the improvement of the health service delivery system of the city of Mutare. New strategies were also recommended for the improvement of the health system of the city. Lastly, some proposals were made for further research on the health service delivery challenges in rural areas so that comparisons are made to see whether the challenges are the same.</p> Whatmore Chikwature Chikwature E ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-01-31 2019-01-31 14 2964 2978 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8050 Economics of Child Labor: A Multidimensional approach https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8098 <p>This paper is a multi–county, multi-dimensional&nbsp; rigorous &nbsp;analysis of immensely &nbsp;&nbsp;critical and continuously expanding socio-economic crisis that has engulfed many developing countries which calls for immediate action to preserve our present and future. This paper is an embodiment of study of all factors that are seriously responsible for promoting child labor in most of the less-developed, low-income, emerging, middle-income countries. Based on empirical data, and other research articles, this paper investigates the problem from political, social and economic and cultural aspects. This paper identifies the roots of crisis and attempts to bridge the existing gap between&nbsp; policy and implementation so as to make the world child labor free.</p> <p>First chapter deals with impact of poverty on child’s education, living conditions, well-being, future and their opportunities under poverty and the second chapter goes beyond income and well-being and answers to some of the most critical questions of our time related to childhood, society and public services and the third chapter namely the intergenerational perspective focus on policies and its failure and its continues impact on our societies and young at large and finally the conclusion chapter &nbsp;</p> <p>The primary objective of this paper is to investigate how varied factors destroy the destiny of young children and future of most of the countries sequentially and secondly to pin-point years of inefficiency in dealing with problem and finally pursued governments to refocus and act proactively. In essence, this paper explores poverty that is beyond income poverty.&nbsp; This paper enlightens various hidden facts that are key and more important than income poverty. The intensity of this on-going crisis in many countries explains a structural gap between policies and implementation and the gap between research and policy design. And Ironically&nbsp;&nbsp; this year is the deadline year for the Millennium Development Goals [MDG’s] set in year 2000, but even after 15 years of continued investment and commitment many of the goals haven’t been achieved yet, so ultimate propose of this paper elaborate a broader roadmap for achieving the MDG’s sooner. The centrality of this research project focuses on gap between state commitment and outcomes why and how prescription failed to deliver or achieve targets. But MDG’s haven’t been discussed in this paper as those the beyond the scope to this research, but its helps in creation of complete understating of failures and helps in creating a system that effectively address these issues.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Muhammad Ahmed Faraz ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-01-31 2019-01-31 14 2979 2996 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8098 Identifying the Most Critical Factors to Business Intelligence Implementation Success in the Public Sector Organizations https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8026 <p>The BI is a new trend in public sector organizations that requires investigating the critical success factors (CSFs) which would provide a sound guidelines for determining the criteria to be considered during BI implementation. However, there is no sufficient empirical evidences that provide better understanding of the CSFs for the BI implementation in public sector organizations. This paper aims to identify the CSFs for BI system in the context of public sector organizations. This study adopts a mixed method approach using survey research method and qualitative interview using Jordanian public sector organization case. The findings of this research revealed that top management support, clear vision and strategic planning, team skills, user participation, organizational structure, user access and development technology are the most critical factors to BI implementation success in the public sector organizations. The findings of this study could assist the practitioners in the public sector organizations in planning, managing and implementing their BI projects properly by focusing on those CSFs of BI systems that provide them a better understanding to address issues and concerns related to BI implementation.</p> Asma Ibrahim Magaireh Hidayah Sulaiman Nor’ashikin Ali ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-02-02 2019-02-02 14 2997 3016 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8026 A Self-Assessment of a Philadelphia Group of Children, Youth and Family-Focused Agencies on Father Friendliness: A Descriptive Study https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/7969 <p>This project explored the integration of Responsible Fatherhood within Foster Care Service within Philadelphia Pennsylvania. It was hypothesized that the key to reducing the number of children who are at risk of entering, re-entering and remaining in various systems of care are the social service programs and systems created to meet the needs of children. One element to improve the outcomes for children is to establish that engaging fathers of foster children can be important not only for the potential benefit of a child-father relationship but also for making placement decisions and gaining access to resources for the child. A diverse group of n=22 service providers voluntarily became involved in a multi-year participatory action research to explore the value of building capacity to integrate Responsible Fatherhood practices, programs, and/or initiatives within foster care service delivery and other children and youth servicing systems. The results from the study highlight a substantial distinction between baseline and post-evaluation of the agency’s father readiness. The findings suggest that there were significantly higher scores on the father friendly checklist in the areas of leadership, polices &amp; procedures, staff development, parent programming, and fatherhood. The article summarizes key recommendation for social service agencies to develop initiatives that outreach to fathers not only to connect with their children, but to build a broader support network that enhances child safety, permanency and well-being.</p> Jeffrey Shears Rufus Lynch Joshua Kirven ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 14 3017 3028 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.7969 Individual Profiles of Psychological Capital in a Spanish Sample https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8042 <p>Psychological Capital (PsyCap) consists of hope, self-efficacy, resilience and optimism. It is usually assumed that individuals score similarly across these four components, however, there have been suggestions in the literature that in some cases, people can score high on some dimensions and low on others, and that it is necessary to explore the matter further (Dawkins, 2014). Hence, the main objective of this article is to explore if the relationship between the dimensions of PsyCap results in individual profiles; to see which sociodemographic characteristics they have, and how the profiles relate to job satisfaction and performance. <br>The sample consists of 1752 employees from different companies in Spain. We used Latent Profile Analysis and the results revealed that a four-profile model is the best fit for our data, where Profile 1 was characterized by low self-efficacy and hope, and high resilience and optimism; Profile 2 by high self-efficacy and hope, and low resilience and optimism; Profile 3 by low self-efficacy and high hope, resilience and optimism; and Profile 4 by high scores on all PsyCap constructs. <br>The majority of the sample was classified in Profile 4, showing support for the unitary structure of PsyCap. However, for some individuals scores differed across the four PsyCap dimensions. Furthermore, there were high-low and low-high configurations for hope and self-efficacy on the one hand, and resilience and optimism on the other. Lastly, our results emphasize the combination of hope and self-efficacy as important contributors to employee outcomes.<br><br></p> Nia Plamenova Djourova Isabel Rodríguez Laura Lorente-Prieto ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 14 3029 3047 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8042 The Professional Competence Formation of High School Students based on the System Approach. https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8094 <p>This study addresses the issue of implementing a system approach during the&nbsp; higher school specialists preparation, which effectively leads to their professional competence formation. The study results&nbsp; &nbsp;of higher education teachers professional difficulties in the interaction &nbsp;with the educational process participants are presented. The training technology on the system approach basis creates conditions for the learning process participants’ activities systemic organization, as well as for the system thinking skills and the system approach developing in cognitive, practical and other ongoing and forthcoming activities. An important factor in the future specialists’ professional competence formation&nbsp; is an indicative basis formation for their future professional activity. The professional competence structure and components characteristic are given. Examples are also presented, that demonstrate the professional competence formation implementation with a focus on current society needs. There is a description of the students’ considerable professional competence increase after its formation methods correction.</p> Maral Yessekeshova Isakova Gulnur Seilkhan Gulzhakhar Kaltayeva Gulnar Bermukhambetova Botagoz ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 14 3057 3064 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8094 Political Dimensions of Weaker Sections Welfare in Local Self Government in India: A Study https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8111 <p>Soon after independence, the main thrust of Indian Government centered on meeting the basic needs of India’s population which include food, clothing and shelter.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; With this perspective, the national policy makers looked at various measures to alleviate the rural poor.&nbsp; The process of self governance and planning by empowering the people through Panchayati Raj system although started nearly five decades earlier, but 73rd and 74th amendments in the Constitution of India brought an historic change in the process of decentralisation towards the grass root level and participation of people both in the formulation as well as implementation of the plans.&nbsp;&nbsp; The paper explores how the Constitution 73rd Amendment Act (1992), provided certainty, continuity and strength to the PRI’s for the welfare of the weaker sections through Decentralization.&nbsp; Uniform three-tier level of the village, block and district levels, direct elections to all seats and at all levels, indirect elections to chairpersons at intermediate and apex levels.&nbsp; Reservation on rotational basis for SC’s ST’s in proportion to their population, both for membership as well as Chairpersonships of the PRI’s.&nbsp; Not less than one third of the seats and offices reserved for women.&nbsp; The present paper intends to discuss the political participation of weaker sections in panchayat raj institutions in Karnataka in general and in Afjalpur taluk of Gulbarga District in particular as a case study.&nbsp; Finally the paper discusses about the political participation of weaker sections and sought their opinion of their involvement in the process of political, economic development and social justice, with the transfer of the list of Eleventh and the Twelfth Schedule of the Constitution to the rural and urban elected local bodies, and the process of welfare activities for weaker sections through the Panchayat Raj Institutions has been discussed.</p> VALMIKI RAMA KRISHNA Dr. Uddagatti Venkatesha ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 14 3122 3135 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8111 SILENCE AS COMMUNICATION: A PHENOMENOLOGICAL STUDY OF CERVICAL CANCER PATIENTS AND CAREGIVERS IN KENYA https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8134 <p>Managing a serious diagnosis is a complex and challenging process thus effective communication is a critical aspect of cancer management. However, this has not been given the much needed emphasis. This study therefore sought to examine the influence of communication on cancer management. It adopted an interpretivist research paradigm which is a qualitative approach. It employed the phenomenological method to obtain data from cervical patients and their caregivers. Specifically, a range of in-depth interviews and observations were used to collect data from eight patients and eight caregivers purposively sampled within Uasin Gishu County. Data from the interviews were then analyzed thematically and presented in narrative form using paraphrases and quotations. Ethical issues such as informed consent, confidentiality and official authorization were observed at all levels. The findings of the study indicated that the patients and caregiver downplayed their feelings so as to protect themselves and their loved ones. Social cultural factors and stigma also contributed to their silence. It is concluded that silence is draining and patients and caregivers need to be encouraged by medical practitioners, family and the support groups to share their feelings.&nbsp; Based on the findings of this study, it is necessary for the patients and caregivers to have a platform where they will be able to share their experience.&nbsp;</p> Caren jerop Kibiwott Kurgat George Mose ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 14 3114 3121 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8134 Moderation and Modernism in India’s Nuclear Policy: Post 1974 Era https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8147 <p>India, after its first nuclear explosion in 1974 moved to modernize and moderate nuclear policy as security environment in the region deteriorated further due to China, pursuing a strategy of&nbsp;containing India by using Pakistan as a surrogate, had supplied technology nuclear materials and<br>warhead designs for the Pakistani bomb. Clearly with Chinese help Pakistani detonated six nuclear&nbsp;devices as follow up of India’s repeat detonation in the second week of May 1998. This development&nbsp; changed the security environment in South Asia forever and this time India convinced the&nbsp;international community that it would not become a destabilising nuclear force in the international&nbsp;system. Thus, in the post-1998 era India adopted two concepts, (i) No first use for attack or war and&nbsp;(ii) Credible minimum deterrence. As a step further in the direction India also signed with the US a&nbsp;nuclear deal under which it agreed to separate its civil and military nuclear facilities under&nbsp;international safeguard and supervision. The paper analyses the evolution of India’s nuclear capability&nbsp;in regional and global contexts.</p> Dr. Rajkumar Singh Hemlata Kumari ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 14 3065 3072 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8147 New tax system for self-employed persons https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8155 <p>This article focuses on the problem of identification, determination and management the results of the activities of self-employed citizens. People become self-employed either intentionally because they leave work and improve the welfare on their own or because of the lack of money, low wages, and constant price increase. This is just a little list of reasons why people are seeking secondary earnings. The decision to legalize self-employment and on income tax registration of them had become necessary because the government of the Russian Federation intended to include self-employment in the legitimate economic system and increase confidence in tax audit and in question about source of income which is not subject to tax. &nbsp;‘Self-employed person’ is not too far removed from ‘entrepreneur’, according to foreign study. That is why there is not a clear separation between these words. However, entrepreneur is most often considered as a person who desires to develop own business and has to invest a lot in the early stages. ‘Self-employed’ is a person who plans to work independently without recruitment and any transactions not only in the early stages but thereafter. There is a well-argued conclusion that innovation of the Russian Ministry of Finance is aimed at primarily increase in fees. It remains to be seen if this novation will improve the situation for self-employed persons.</p> Elena Sergeevna Kulikova Maya Ivanovna Lvova Olga Anatolyevna Rykalina ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 14 3073 3080 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8155 Is the criminal justice system blind to race and ethnicity?: The case of fatal work accidents in the construction industry https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8156 <p>Despite growing media and public interest in recent years in the issue of fatal work accidents in the construction industry, there in fact has been an upswing in the number of fatalities. The construction industry is a dangerous industry for workers, and about half of the fatal work accidents in Israel take place there. This study was designed to examine how the law enforcement system handles cases of fatal work accidents, where most of the workers are foreign workers. The article examines whether there is a difference in the criminal procedures between work accidents and road accidents, which are not identified with a particular demographic sector. The study findings showed that there is a significant link between the type of fatal accident and the identity of the victim, and the decisions made during the criminal proceedings for a fatal work accident as compared to a fatal road accident. The findings partially correspond with the assumptions of the Marxist structural school of victimology, which sees a relationship between the victim's social status and the way the criminal justice system handles the case. Although based on a relatively small sample, these findings indicate that there is a need to substantially strengthen and regulate the investigative and criminal aspects of the treatment of fatal work accidents in the construction industry.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> efrat shoham Eitan Nictora ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 14 3081 3097 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8156 Modern approaches to the rationing of managerial labor https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8157 <p>Article deals with the modern management problem associated with improving the accuracy of the ration of managerial work. Emphasis is on the need to move from the rationing of the working day to the rationing of individual labor functions (operations). The subject of the article is contradictions arising in the process of integration of quantitative and qualitative methods of research of the work process. The main purpose of the article is to create the author's concept of overcoming contradictions between the existing methods of regulation managerial labor and the practical need of enterprises in developing these norms. Concept is based on the synthesis of quantitative and qualitative methods. The methodological framework of the study consists of the concept of foreign and domestic researchers involved in the issues of labor rationing and management efficiency. The problem of the article lies in the fact that the existing approaches to standards of management personnel are not sufficiently adapted to solving problems in conditions of intellectual labor. The cause of the problem is seen as the need of enterprises to improve the efficiency of not individual employees involved in management issues, but of the entire business process management. In combination with the totality of such general scientific and special methods of cognition, such as dialectical, systemic, descriptive, theoretical modeling, the article offers approaches to eliminate this contradiction. The main conclusion of the article is the necessity of application of two-stage approaches to the valuation of managerial work, where the first phase involves a qualitative analysis of the structure of the business process, is conducted after the close study of the cost of labor in the performance of these functions. The article defines the limitations of the application of this method and offers recommendations for its integration with methods of studying the cost of working time. As the resulting conclusions, it is proposed to apply not for all business processes but for the most significant for the organization. This method will optimize the costs of rationing, and explore only the largest (and, accordingly, costly) business processes for an organization. The basis of this method is the ranking system proposed in the article. It is also insisted that in modern management practice it is inappropriate to control individual participants in a business process (jobs). It is necessary to standardize the entire business process with its further distribution among the performers.</p> Rinat Tavzikhovich Latypov Dmitry Nikolaevich Yadransky Elena Vasilievna Chumak ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 14 3098 3103 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8157 Factors Contributing To Low Sanitation Coverage In Mutare Rural Ward 15 Manicaland Province, Zimbabwe https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8163 <p>The research was carried out to investigate the causes of low sanitation and hygiene coverage in Mutare rural ward 15 in Manicaland province, Zimbabwe. The study aimed at establishing factors contributing to low sanitation and hygiene coverage as well as determining the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the community members on sanitation and hygiene. The study was carried out in Mutare rural Ward 15. The community members and programme implementers were selected as study elements. Information was gathered using focus group discussion, interviews and observations. Data collected was presented quantitatively using tables and also qualitatively, providing facts. The stratified and purposive probability sampling was used to draw out household members in the study population. Other subjects in the research included 2 sanitation and hygiene programme implementers, one from Ministry of Health &amp; Child Care and Mutare rural Ward 15 Councilor respectively. The research findings revealed that, low sanitation and hygiene was due to, the community’s negative attitude towards sanitation and hygiene programs, their cultural values, inadequate resources, lack of supervision, as well as the type of soil. This study concluded that knowledge, attitudes and practices of the community, inadequate supervision and resources as well as the type of soil contributed to low sanitation and hygiene coverage. The research therefore recommended that, the community be adequately educated and be provided with enough resources so as to increase coverage in sanitation and hygiene</p> Whatmore Chikwature Emilia Chikwature ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 14 3104 3113 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8163 Comparative Psychology of Children Who Experience Intra-familial Versus Extra-familial Victimization https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8174 <p>This study is based on secondary analysis from a sample of individuals attending colleges in the United States.&nbsp; It is an examination of links between childhood victimization and subsequent depression.&nbsp; An assessment of the effect on depression of intra- and extra-familial victimization was made to identify the means by which each affects depression.&nbsp; It was hypothesized that victimization affects subsequent depression through its damaging impact on the development of social resources and personal resources, including family support, peer support, self-esteem, and mastery.&nbsp; It was hypothesized that the importance of each mediator in explaining the link between victimization and depression differs by the type of victimization experienced.&nbsp; To test these hypotheses, a series of hierarchical regression analyses were performed.&nbsp; Findings indicate that victimization by non-family is related to depression independent of victimization by family, but victimization by family is not related to depression independent of victimization by non-family.&nbsp; The resource variables demonstrated disparate mediating influences; each produced a different sized reduction in the strength of relationship between extra-familial victimization and depression.&nbsp;</p> Paul Muller ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-03-25 2019-03-25 14 3114 3122 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8174 The Indonesian Wage Law https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/7988 <p>Work in Islamic law based on the Qur'an and Hadith, is an obligation and has the right to get a job. The Qur'an is very opposed to acts of lazy, wasting time, and not doing things that are not productive. Someone must work to work as well as possible to get his salary, while for employers must pay a decent wage, in recognition of the work performance of workers. The national wage system is regulated in Act Number 13 Year 2003 about Manpower, from the aspect of formalities, has guaranteed the rights and obligations of workers and employers. But from the substance aspect, workers are paid cheap wages for various reasons. To achieve a decent wage for productive workers, it must be supported by good, harmonious and moral cooperation between employers and workers. Both parties are one entity in carrying out workers, not as parties with training positions. Standards for both parties, in addition to national law, also adhere to Islamic values ??based on the Qur'an and Hadith.</p> Zulkarnain Ibrahim ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-03-28 2019-03-28 14 3123 3133 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.7988 “My First Year in The University”: Students’ Expectations, Perceptions and Experiences https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8006 <p>This study aimed to explore students’ first year experience to provide insights that may prove to be useful for institutional policy and practice. A semi-structured interview was conducted on 30 undergraduates from a private university to examine their perceptions, experiences, and attitudes towards first year experience. Themes were derived from the analysis of the transcribed interview transcripts. The results showed that in general students pursue tertiary education as it can guarantee their career prospect and intellectual development. Moreover, classroom engagement and academic staff engagement on students were less crucial in comparison to peer engagement. However, the students’ perceptions of studentship and quality of teaching were positive. Lastly, most students were satisfied with their first year experience in the university. Practical implications, recommendations and limitations for future practice are put forth</p> Kam-Fong Lee Chin-Siang Ang Genevieve Dipolog-Ubanan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-03-28 2019-03-28 14 3134 3145 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8006 Indigenous Employment Policy and Foreign-Owned Corporation Employee’s Well-Being in Liberia https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8108 <p>Every country institutes policy to take a course of action in favour of its citizens’ welfare. The view of indigenization policy in alignment with employment and workers treatment in Liberia takes different dimension. Liberia problem of unemployment cannot be compared to its underemployment and bad working conditions. The Liberian Indigenous policy has not reaped its fruit with marginalization, exploitation dispossession and poverty in commonplace. This study addresses the ineffectiveness of the indigenous employment policy and the state of workers’ well-being in foreign corporations in Liberia. This study adopts cross sectional method, and employs primary data. Information from 400 employees working with foreign-owned corporation was extracted from survey conducted in 2018 by the authors on the state of welfare of foreign-owned corporations’ employees in Liberia. The key explanatory variables are healthcare, social insurance, safety measures, stable job assignment, stable work hour, promotion on the job, and job security. The binary logistic regression was applied using version 22 of SPSS to examine association between the response and explanatory variables. The outcomes of this study showed that indigenous environmental policy was significant with worker’s well-being (p&lt;0.05). The study concluded that indigenous employment policy has significant influence on the foreign-owned corporation workers’ well-being in Liberia.</p> Taofik Olatunji Bankole Daniel Denny Gray Abiodun Oluwaseun Oyebode Gbelimu Elizabeth Lawal ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-03-28 2019-03-28 14 3146 3160 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8108 Factors Affecting Physical Activity Participation Among University Students https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8142 <p>The Physical activities are indispensable to be healthy and away from illness, yet, students ignoring it. The factors affecting physical activity participation among university students in the Philippines examined in this study. Modified International Physical Activity Questionnaire adopted, Stata 13 and SPSS utilized to justify the objectives of study on a 470 samples. Findings revealed that participants who do physical activity for 3 days and accumulating at least 1500 metabolic equivalent tasks (MET) minutes per week or with combination of walking, moderate or vigorous intensity activities accumulating at least 3000 MET minutes were classified as highly active. Other participants were categorized as moderately active and low active/inactive. The results identified that lack of time due to busy lesson schedule was the most significant factors for not participating in physical activity among the samples. Priority on academic success over exercise was the most identified item that hinders individual to participate in physical activities. Thus, recommended the replication of this study to increase the generalizability of achieved results</p> Solomon Oluyinka Anatalia Endozo ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-03-28 2019-03-28 14 3161 3170 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8142 Under Critical Scrutiny A Normal Task for Swedish Executive Municipal Healthcare Managers https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8180 <p>Swedish Human Service Organisations (HSOs) operate under high demands of transparency. In this study, executive municipal healthcare managers’ dealings with the Media were mapped. 81% had experiences of dealing with the Media under critical scrutiny. 20% of the respondents were aware of whether their organisation had a media strategy. The respondents received support during media scrutiny mainly from their management team, subordinates, family and friends. The respondents who received support from their management team or the communication department felt that the depiction of their organisation was more correct. The results indicate that a strategy including activities from the management team or the communication department would contribute to managers feeling more satisfied with media depictions of their organisation.</p> Maria Wramsten Wilmar Christian Jacobsson Jeremy Ray Lotta Dellve lena Låstad ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-03-28 2019-03-28 14 3171 3179 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8180 Does Financial Flexibility Matter for Firm’s Finance Policy? Evidence from Swedish High -Tech Firms: Case Study of Ericsson https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8177 <p>This paper explores why high-tech firms with high credit quality are more likely to have external finance, and if the securing funding is related to financial flexibility. &nbsp;Many earlier studies have shown that it is valuable for firms to choose financial policies that keep financial flexibility to respond to negative shocks in the form of unexpected periods of insufficient resources. However, the complexity and unpredictability in high?tech business make the flexibility in finance more valuable to face an increasingly unpredictable environment and to grow into a hugely profitable. Degree of financial flexibility has estimated in three different models based on leverage to investigate whether the flexibility degree affects the company’s ability and to find out the driving factor in financial flexibility indicators. By using financial data from annual reports of the Swedish multinational networking and telecommunications company “Ericson” during the period 2007 to 2016, the results provide evidence that the high-tech company has a high access to capital markets due to its low leverage and keeping an equity ratio over 45% which supporting the hypothesis that financial flexibility matter and has influence on the firm's ability to get access and restructure its financing.</p> Eatessam Al-Shakrchyai Walaa Ismael Alnassar ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-03-29 2019-03-29 14 3180 3191 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8177 The Power of Interpersonal Communication Skill in Enhancing Service Provision https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8150 <p>One of interpersonal soft skill is a skill of interpersonal communication; that is the focus of this research. The purpose of this paper are defined in two parts. First, to explore the interpersonal communication skills of the educational staff. Second, to recognize the power of this interpersonal communication. The research of this paper has been studied by means of qualitative method. The approach of this study is a sequences of in-depth interviews with 4 informants of each faculty with A credit for accreditation examination result. This research result finds that there are 3 interpersonal communication skills of educational staff area. Secondly, there are power of the interpersonal communication skill which have made improvement to service providing in the work unit. The results of this research also explain whether maintaining interpersonal relationship enhances &nbsp;the service providing.</p> Roziana Febrianita Susi Hardjati ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-04-10 2019-04-10 14 3192 3199 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8150 Opportunities for Improving Mechanisms of Sustainable Social Sphere Development of The Rural Areas of The Republic of Kazakhstan https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8162 <p>The development of the socio-economic territories’ level is gradually decreasing. The young people flow from rural areas to large cities is increasing, social and household infrastructure is destroyed, ecological and demographic situations get worse. Rural workers’ wages are lower than in other industries. It is necessary to improve domestic and socio-economic conditions in rural areas so that to reform the decent living standard of country people.The rural areas’ social sphere needs to address the existing problems, related to life level and quality, the need to ensure a favorable social environment, especially in education and health care systems, vocational training, and the possibility of inclusion in the society labor potential.</p> Laura Bokenchina Nurgaliyeva Almagul Ismailova Diana ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 14 3200 3206 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8162 Measurement of Country Specific Internationalisation in China: India Study Centre Questionnaire https://cirworld.com/index.php/jssr/article/view/8263 <p>The India Study Centre Questionnaire (ISCQ) has been developed to measure the level of internationalisation of higher education (IHE) with reference to India at the India Study centres in China. The concept of IHE has been constructed on the basis of the significantly correlated themes that emerged from the academic research literatures (N=36). The correlation among the emergent themes (N=52) comprising the components of the IHE was tested on the basis of a text analysis. The themes were itemised in accordance with the Ontological or Existentialist, Phenomenological or Instrumentalist, Propositional or Imagistic approaches of conceptualisation with an intent to satisfy the Evaluative or Normative need of the theoretical framework of this study. The designed instrument (ISCQ) devised on the emergent themes was administered on the students (N=28) of India study centre of Peking University, Beijing to test the reliability and validity of the instrument. In order to test and retest the robust validity of the instrument (ISCQ) two more rounds of piloting the questionnaire would be required. Five extensive interviews were conducted with the faculties to validate the structure and content of the ISCQ. However, owing to politico-academic sensitivity, approaching the respondents would need formal consent from the authorities of the institutions in context. Interviews were conducted with five teachers of country specific study centres from prominent institutions.</p> Chandu Lal Chandrakar ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-30 2019-05-30 14 3207 3233 10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8263