Farmers' Intention to Leave The Agricultural Sector in East Java, Indonesia: A Crisis Through Non Agricultural Job Opportunities Challenges

  • Nuriah - Yuliati Departement of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, UPN "Veteren" East Java
  • Kusnandar Dr Graduate School of Sebelas Maret University
  • Teguh Soedarto University of Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran” East Java
  • Endang Siti Rahayu Graduate School of Sebelas Maret University
Keywords: Employment Opportunities, Farmers' Intentions Leaving the Agricultural Sector, Farmer Household


Farmers' intention to leave the agricultural sector is a crucial reasoned action for the future of the Indonesian agricultural sector. The aims of research are describe the type of livelihood that sustains the farm household's economy, and analyze the influence of Job Opportunities toward Farmer's Intentions Leaving the Agriculture Sector. The sampling was done by multistage sampling so that 360 households of paddy farmers were obtained in six villages, Bangil sub-district, Pasuruan Regency, Province of East Java. Data analysis using descriptive statistics and Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) PLS analysis with Warp PLS software. The findings of the study indicate that the relatively large number of non-agricultural jobs carried out by the household labor of farmers, most of them are trade and factory employees. The best job opportunity is in line with farmers' favorite choice for non-agricultural livelihoods. Employment opportunities have a positive and significant impact on farmers' intention to leave the  agricultural sector.

Author Biographies

Kusnandar Dr, Graduate School of Sebelas Maret University

Departement of Agriculture Science, Graduate School of Sebelas Maret University, Central Java, Indonesia

Teguh Soedarto, University of Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran” East Java

Departement of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran” East Java, Indonesia

Endang Siti Rahayu, Graduate School of Sebelas Maret University

Departement of Agriculture Science, Graduate School of Sebelas Maret University, Central Java, Indonesia


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How to Cite
Yuliati, N., Dr, K., Soedarto, T., & Rahayu, E. S. (2019). Farmers’ Intention to Leave The Agricultural Sector in East Java, Indonesia: A Crisis Through Non Agricultural Job Opportunities Challenges. JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, 13, 2925-2934.