Political participation of the chinese youth in market economy and implication on communist youth league
Political participation entails citizens’ engagement to exert influence on the political process and policies in a desired direction. Therein, participation of the youth has significance as a transient yet constantly receiving community with potential to shape the course of history in any society. The activities and functions of youth organizations have been pivotal in effecting changes in the twentieth century Asian socio-political and economic realms. Under the similar circumstances, the People’s Republic of China appears to be continuously evolving its social, economic, political and cultural regimes in response to the fluctuating demands of the citizens and the youth. This Essay fathoms changes in political participations of the youth in China, its implication on the Communist Youth League and how the Communist Youth League responds in the era of Market Economy.
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3. 代小琳(Dai Xiaolin)，中国青年失业率9%攀新高 72%失业者为长期失业 Zhongguo qingnian shiyelu 9% pan xingao 72% shiyezhe wei changqi shiye The long term unemployment ratio of the youth has reached to a new height of 72% from 9% [EB/OL]。http//news.xinhuanet.com/fortune/2005-05/24/content_299434.htm.
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8. 俞敏洪(Yu Minhong); born 15 October 1962 in Jiangyin, Jiangsu) is the founder and current CEO of New Oriental Education & Technology Group Inc. 新东方教育科技集团), and a member of the central committee of China Democratic League. As the owner of one of the largest private educational services, Yu is known as the "richest teacher in China", and "Godfather of English Training". On Hurun Report's China Rich List 2013, he had an estimated wealth $1.1 billion and was ranked No. 245 on the list.
9. 马云(Ma Yun); born September 10, 1964)is a Chinese business magnate and philanthropist. He is the founder and executive chairman of Alibaba Group, a family of successful Internet-based businesses. He is the first mainland Chinese entrepreneur to appear on the cover of Forbes .As of November 2014, he is the richest man in China (Hong Kong not included) and 18th richest person in the world, with an estimated net worth of $24.1 billion, according to Forbes. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Ma downloaded at 4;39pm on 11/1/16
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15. For details please see October 12,1992江泽民Jiang Zemin在中国共产党的十四次全国代表大会上的报告<<加快改革开放和现代化建设步伐夺取有中国特色社会主义事业的变大胜利》 zai zhongguo gongchandang de (Jiang Zemin speech at the fourteenth party congress<
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17. Under China’s official NGO policy, self organized entities, regardless of their missions and forms, are not entitled to receive government funding. The Chinese business sector has not yet become a real resource for the nonprofit sector, let alone for Grassroots organizations. The entire or at least major portion of the grassroots organization’ income derived from foreign donations, foundations, or NGOs. Cited in Ma Qiusha,” GRASSROOTS ORGANIZATIONS IN CHINA : DEFINATIONS,CATEGORIES, AND SIGNIFICANCE IN THE EMERGENCE OF CIVIL SOCIETY” INTER ASIA PAPPERS,WEB PAGE: http://www.uab..cat/grup-recerca/interasia
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20. 蚂蚁族 :并不是一种昆虫族群，而是“80后”一个鲜为人知的庞大群体——“大学毕业生低收入聚居群体”，指的是毕业后无法找到工作或工作收入很低而聚居在城乡结合部的大学生”(Ant tribes are not the groups of ants but the term has been coined for the 80s and 90s youth who had recently graduated from the universities and are in low income group and staying in urban fringe of the cities) “ 什么 是 蚂蚁族https://www.cqdai.com/cqzx/touzilicai/201512152460.html accessed on 27/1/17
21. Yun Han,” Research on Voluntary services in China”,Asian social Science ,Vol.5, No.4, April 2009
22. Wang Yuanqian, “In China, Digital Activists are Starting to Meet up in Person” http://www.theatlantic.com/china/archive/2013/03/in-china-digital-activists-are-starting-to-meet-up-in-person/274248/ acessed on 21/1/17 at 3:23pm Ibid
23. Ngan-Pun Ngai,Sek- Yum Ngai and fang Wei, “Revisiting China’s Youth Policy, Forum21[Policy], http://www.youthpolicy.org/national/China_2011_Youth_Policy_Situation_Article.pdf downloaded on 22/12/2015 at 3;19 pm
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25. Kuotsai Tom Liou,”State-society Relations in Post –Mao Chinese Economic Reforms: Changes and Challenges”, International Journal of Economic development,Vol2(1),2000,pp142
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