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For over eight years now, the Nigerian State has been troubled by the activities of the Boko Haram terrorists. In spite of the military offensives by the Nigerian government, the Boko Haram sect, on many occasions, executed reprisal attacks for such operations of the security agencies against its members. It is argued in this essay that the Nigerian military repression of Boko Haram’s July 2009 uprising and the emergency rule imposed by the federal government in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states in north-east-Nigeria in 2012 certainly contributed to an intensification of violence and the group’s transformation into a terrorist group. Equally contributory was the extra-judicial killing of Mohammed Yusuf in police custody in July 2009 which led to the enthronement of the more radicalized members of the group headed by Abubakar Shekau. This essay examines the nature and character of the security governance in the country in relation to the fight against terrorism. It also interrogates the various factors that sustained the Boko Haram insurgency within the context of small arms and light weapons proliferation, funding, training and affiliation. It discusses the existing legislation aimed at combating terrorism in the country and other counterinsurgency measures.
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