https://cirworld.com/index.php/jns/issue/feed JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN NATURAL SCIENCES 2019-01-05T07:17:54+00:00 Gurdev Singh editor@cirworld.com Open Journal Systems Interested in submitting to this journal? We recommend that you review the About the Journal page for the journal's section policies, as well as the Author Guidelines. Authors need to register with the journal prior to submitting or, if already registered, can simply log in and begin the five-step process. https://cirworld.com/index.php/jns/article/view/7658 Annual Reviewer Acknowledgement 2018-09-26T07:39:28+00:00 Kewen Zhao editor@cirworld.com <p>The editorial team of the journal would like to thank the reviewers for their work in referring manuscripts during 2018.</p> 2018-08-31T08:29:01+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://cirworld.com/index.php/jns/article/view/7097 Biomonitoring and Inter-Annual Variation of Soil Mite (Acari) Diversity and Community Structure in Lamto Guinean Savannah (Co´te d'Ivoire) Submitted to Different Fire Regimes 2018-12-06T10:33:28+00:00 K. Julien N'dri ndri_jk@yahoo.fr Kanvaly Dosso dossokan_sn@una.edu.ci Aya B. N'Dri ndri.brigitte@yahoo.fr Rodolphe Arnaud G. N'Da guyarnaud10@gmail.com Mouhamadou Kone kmouhamadou2@yahoo.fr A. Kone N'Golo ngolo197804@yahoo.fr A. Seka Fabrice a.fabriceseka@gmail.com K. Pokou Pacome ebouop38@gmail.com <p>The objective of the study conducted in the Lamto Guinean savannah situated at 165 km northwest of Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire consisted to assess the changes in soil mite abundance, diversity and community structure specific to the second fire cycle applied in 2015, as well as the inter-annual variation between the two fire cycles (2014 and 2015). Three study sites (Salty marigot, Plateau and North piste) were selected in shrub savannah, where on each, three adjacent stands of 100 m x 50 m formerly delimited were considered. The three fire regimes (early, mid-season, and late fire) were respectively applied on the three sites and stands. Thus, 135 soil cores (5 soil cores x 3 sampling periods x 3 fire regimes or stands x 3 sites) were used for mite extraction. 108 soil cores were taken at two upper layers (0-5 and 5-10 cm) for determination of the bulk density and water content. Whatever the fire regimes, the mean density of soil mites decreased after the fire application. The highest value of density was observed through the early fire (1,715 ± 327 ind.m<sup>-2</sup>) whereas the lowest value was recorded during the mid season fire (1,433 ± 153 ind.m<sup>-2</sup>). 41 species had been recorded along the three fire regimes and distributed as follows: early fire 34 species, mid season fire 20 species, and late fire 13 species. The mean species richness of soil mites changed significantly across the fire regimes, and reduced after the fire application, except for the mid season fire. The Simpson diversity index was significantly modified across the fire regimes, and increased after the fire application. Beyond to 24 specialist species, over 50% of the species observed before the burns were rediscovery after the fire application, and could explain this variation. The inter-annual variation of soil mites showed that the density (early fire, mid season fire, and late fire), mite richness (early fire), and diversity (early fire and late fire) increased whereas the mite richness (mid season fire and late fire), and diversity (mid season fire) decreased, respectively, during 2015-burn compared to the previous cycle (2014-burn). The rebound of soil mite parameters during the second fire cycle could be assigned (i) to litter and woody debris, which burn in a mosaic, reflecting local fire intensity, (ii) improving of stand complexity and canopy structure, and (iii) fire tolerance of mites.</p> 2018-03-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://cirworld.com/index.php/jns/article/view/7528 The Effects to Trend the Suitable OS Platform 2018-12-06T10:32:17+00:00 Aso Mohammed Aladdin aso.aladdin@charmouniversity.org Yad N. Bakir yad.bakir@uhd.edu.iq Sarwar I. Saeed aso.aladdin@uhd.edu.iq <p>Technically, software is a part of electronic devices that is responsible for managing hardware. The signaling communication between hardware and software ultimately controls electronic devices, and is known as Operating System (OS). For the purpose of selecting the best platform for clients, users should study functionalities, securities, graphic interfaces and usability of the different OS platforms.&nbsp; Therefore, this research focuses on choosing the suitable OS platform for user in academic and non-academic environments, according to demanding users’ companionability. It also explains the first type of OS which can be utilized openly. In addition to that, it concentrates on some general significant aspects that are useful for OS users.</p> 2018-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://cirworld.com/index.php/jns/article/view/7861 An Overview on Security Schemes Based on Elliptic Curve for Cloud-Iot 2018-12-06T10:30:35+00:00 Amrani Ayoub amrani.ayoub@uit.ac.ma Rafalia Najat najat.rafalia@uit.ac.ma Jaafar Abouchabaka abouchabaka@uit.ac.ma <p>The Internet of things appears as a solution in order to connect people around the world. With this concept of interconnection, sharing and dissemination of information between different physical objects. Many objects and services in different fields will be created, such as smart homes, e-health, transport and logistics that will make our everyday needs easier. The main characteristic of a connected object is that it must be identifiable, using technologies such as RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification), must interact with the environment by adding sensory techniques, and finally a connected object must be able to communicate with others. The evolution of Internet of things, increase the number of connected objects. Devices with sensors, generate a huge number of data. With this evolution, the big questions come! how can we control this big data? Cloud Computing a notion that is not newer than the IoT concept, but it's a revolution has steadily been gaining ground. It's a technology that offers to end users a great services in terms of storage, elasticity, analyzing data and other services . In this paper, we cite the benefits of integrating Cloud Computing and Internet of things to manage data provided by physical object and security difficulties that may have this convergence. We also present an overview of the security algorithms proposed in the literature, based on elliptic curves, in order to secure communication between smart objects and cloud computing.</p> 2018-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://cirworld.com/index.php/jns/article/view/7936 SOIL EROSION AS A FUNCTION OF NATURAL AND ANTHROPOGENIC FACTORS AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL CONSEQUENCES 2018-12-10T10:19:17+00:00 RAS. B.H. Aliyev zaakirakademik@mail.ru prof.RAE. Z.H. Aliyev zakirakademik@mail.ru <p>The article examines the issues of the possibility of studying erosion and its control. The study proved that the development of soil erosion is based on the forming impact of natural and anthropogenic factors. The degree of potential danger and the possibility of prevention, taking into account the preservation of the environmental situation in the foothills of the Upper Shirvan in the example of the Shamakhi district of the Republic of Azerbaijan, were studied. The main tasks of the study were the determination of the amount and the degree of development of eroded and erosion-prone soils of the foothill zones, carried out on the basis of soil.</p> 2018-12-10T10:19:17+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://cirworld.com/index.php/jns/article/view/7937 Research methodology for determining the economic efficiency of using low-intensity irrigation systems in mountain farming in Azerbaijan 2018-12-10T10:19:32+00:00 Prof. RANS ALIYEV Z. H zakirakademik@mail.ru <p>For a well-known purpose in 2010-2015, Guba-Khachmaz RAEM, Tartar and RAEM Shamakhi TSB have been confirmed by numerous research findings in the field of mountain watering, in terms of the development of irrigation, the mountainous slopes include soybean, sugar beet, trees, and germination (barley, wheat, etc.), the microcirculation method was not cost-effective in terms of efficiency, and preventive measures such as surface soil wash, sliding, irrigation and drowning, erosion characteristic for mountainous terrain zones , which is of particular importance, confirms the feasibility study of the farm calculated with the following formula.</p> 2018-12-10T10:19:32+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://cirworld.com/index.php/jns/article/view/7939 IMPACT OF EROSION PROCESS TO FERTILITY OFMOUNTAIN-CHERNOZEM SITUATING IN SOUTH-EAST SLOPE OF GREAT CAUCASIAN 2018-12-10T10:20:24+00:00 Soltanzade Gasim Ali oglu zakirakademik@mail.ru <p>The complexity, sharp change in the relief condition, the tension of the anthropogenic factors in the Shamakhi region, where we have investigated, has intensified the erosion process. Because of the lack of agrotechnical measures on the slopes, the erosion process has been intensified, the soil is flooded with soil, the physical and chemical properties of the soil have deteriorated, the nutritional elements have declined, the vegetation has been degraded and reached the limit of destruction. For some reason, the object of research was Shamakhi two land cuts were set up to determine the degree of actual erosion of the soil in the village of Melam. which will result in preventive measures to prevent erosion intensities and to develop and implement appropriate preventive measures</p> 2018-12-10T10:20:24+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://cirworld.com/index.php/jns/article/view/7940 Soil Erosion as A Function of Natural And Anthropogenic Factors and Its Environmental Consequences. 2018-12-31T12:45:01+00:00 prof.RAE. Z.H. Aliyev zakirakademik@mail.ru <p>The article examines the issues of the possibility of studying erosion and its control. The study proved that the development of soil erosion is based on the forming impact of natural and anthropogenic factors. The degree of potential danger and the possibility of prevention, taking into account the preservation of the environmental situation in the foothills of the Upper Shirvan in the example of the Shamakhi district of the Republic of Azerbaijan, were studied. The main tasks of the study were the determination of the amount and the degree of development of eroded and erosion-prone soils of the foothill zones, carried out on the basis of soil.</p> 2018-12-10T10:20:32+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://cirworld.com/index.php/jns/article/view/7938 Scientific Rationale for The Development of Low-Intensity Irrigation Systems in Azerbaijan 2018-12-31T12:34:40+00:00 Qasim Ali oqlu Soltanzade zakirakademik@mail.ru <p>The results of the study revealed that the mismatch intensity rain rate of water absorption into the soil formation of a surface relief and soil erosion, uneven and shallow soaking imperfection open irrigation system at a superficial irrigation, the need for different irrigation methods in the growing and not growing periods, low coefficient land utilization, high cost of irrigation and other features are, to a certain extent in conflict with the requirements of watering cultivated with techniques for / of crops in an area at the deep groundwater.</p> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://cirworld.com/index.php/jns/article/view/7949 Spatiotemporal Water Quality Assessment of Dumate Al-Jandal Lake (KSA) Using Environmetric Techniques 2018-12-31T12:39:18+00:00 Mohammed Sharif Al-Sheraideh msalsheraideh@iau.edu.sa <p>Environmentally, the objective of the study conducted in evaluating the spatiotemporal water quality asessment using some statistical techniques. Physicochemical characteristics determination applied on Dumate al-Jandal Lake, whether the analysis of water quality is good for agricultural irrigation or other ecosystem services.&nbsp; Sampling and measurements were taken weekly at five sites started from February 2009 to January 2011. Descriptive analysis as well as the 95% confidence intervals, Wilks’ Lambda Statistics, MANOVA and ANOVA showed no presence of significant difference at the level of p &lt; 0.05 among seasons and between sites, except the mean effect only for some parameter like Iron on the physiochemical parameters whereas a significant difference among the mean of physiochemical characteristics of water data to sites for the parameters like pH and nitrate, while there are no differences among the mean of physiochemical characteristics of water data of sites for the other parameters. Multiple comparison t-test shows the differences between means Sites of (1, 3) and (2, 5) as well as between (3) and (5) for the parameter pH.&nbsp; Results showed a significant difference at (p &lt; 0.05) between the means of Site (1) and all Sites (3, 4 and 5) as well as between Site (2) and (3) for nitrate,&nbsp; but a significant difference at (p &lt; 0.05)&nbsp; among the mean associated with seasons for temperature, electrical conductivity, specific density, sulphate, nitrite, ammonia, chloride, total hardness, total alkalinity, manganese, magnesium and calcium hardness, while there are no differences among the mean of seasons for the other parameters. Whereas results of multiple comparison t-test showed that a differences between the means of season (<em>i</em>) and season (<em>j</em>), for each parameter. The study concluded that some of physicochemical parameters were reflected the presence of pollutants and absence of good ecosystem activities. To avoid seasonal pollution, water lake management are recommended.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://cirworld.com/index.php/jns/article/view/7977 Assessment of Vulnerability for Land Degradation 2019-01-05T07:17:54+00:00 Sodgerel sodoo Purevee sodgerel@sab.edu.mn <p>Many scientists agreed that land degradation is caused by multiple forces, including extreme weather conditions particularly drought, and human activities that overgrazing in Mongolia. Geographic information system (GIS) have an important role in linkage and analysis of all aspects, in particular for determine land degradation risk. This paper describes four risk performance indicators and their attribute data tables of air temperature, rainfall, carrying capacity, road density were compiled into the digital geomorphologic map units in a geographic information system. As result this study, the very high-risk area was present in 0,03% and moderate hazardous area was 52,6 %, low risk area was 47.3%.</p> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##