The Nature of Time - A 21st Century View
- This article is a logical analysis of historical records and reaches conclusions that are original.
- Prior to 1905 it was generally believed that the universe had always existed. The exact age of Earth was not known.
- The luminiferous æther theory explained how light was able to propagate through empty space.
- In 1930 Alfred Korzybski published his book “Science and Sanity”. In it he originated his aphorism —The Map is not the Territory.
- Reality consists of physical reality — the territory— and observed reality — the map.
- The Rossi-Hall experiment demonstrated that time dilation occurs physically and cannot be observed directly.
- The universe came into existence when the big bang occurred.
- When photons came into being, time came into being.
- All mechanisms for measuring time experience time dilation.
- The big bang caused major changes to science’s understanding of the nature of the universe.
- The speed of a photon through space equals a Planck length divided by a Planck time.
- We don’t really measure time, what we measure is the effect that time has on the instruments used to measure time.
- Everything; in Relative Time is based on observers. If you remove all references to observers from either Special Relativity or Spacetime there is almost nothing left.
- When the concepts of relative time were originated, no thought was given to the possibility that time might consist of both observed time and physical time.
- Photons — and the resulting time — came into existence with the big bang
- The movement of photons thru spacetime constitutes absolute time
- Without events, nothing happens.
- Every event has a frame of reference.
- ‘Now’ can occur in physical time and in observed time.
- A physical event always results in a physical ‘now’.
- Every event must have a frame of reference.
- Objects that move through space experience time dilation but they do not observe it.
- The observation of each observer is unique for that observer and need not be the same as either the actual event itself or the observation of another observer.
- Each observer has his/her own observed ‘now’ which occurs in observer’s frame of reference.
- The duration of an observation has no direct relationship to the duration of the event nor need it have the same duration as that of another observer.
- Each observer has her/his own frame of reference.
- Time dilation is an aspect of physical time, not of observed time.
- Observers have no way of knowing that they are experiencing time dilation.
- The Lorentz transformation factor ‘?’ is computed by dividing ‘v2’ which is a vector by ‘c2’ which is scalar. Both terms should be scalar.
- Both ‘v’ and ‘c’ use clocks to determine their value and all clocks are subject to time dilation.
- The Lorentz transaction is supposed to measure ‘?’ but ‘?’ is an element of the calculation!
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