Effect of rapid Solidification on mechanical properties of free machining lead free aluminum alloys for improved machinability

  • Nermin Ali Abdelhakim PHD student ,Metal Physics Laboratory, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.
  • Rizk Mostafa Shalaby Metal Physics Laboratory, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt, P.O.Box: 35516.
  • Mustafa Kamal Metal Physics Laboratory, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt, P.O.Box: 35516.
Keywords: free machining alloys, rapid solidification, microstructure, mechanical properties


There have been very few reports describing the free machining lead free aluminum alloys containing minimal amounts of tin and indium melt spun process. Our paper describes the effect of fundamental factors on the machinability of free machining lead free aluminum alloys rapidly solidified from melt. Structural and thermal properties have been investigated by x-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) techniques. Tensile test machine used in studies the mechanical properties such as ultimate tensile strength, elastic constants, yield strength and critical shear stress for Al-Zn-Sn-In alloys. It is noticed that mechanical and thermal properties attributed to fine grained structure, reduced levels of segregation and presence of new intermetallic compounds (IMC) such as AlZn and SnZn due to high casting rate by rapid solidification processes. The determination of mechanical properties was suggested to be attributed to the gradual increase of α-Al crystals. We evaluated the tensile properties using tensile test machine of the melt-spun ribbons at varied stress-strain rates to determine the underlying deformation mechanisms .Critical shear stress (CSS) was also calculated .It was found that it is equal to 9.29 GPa for annealed ribbons at 262 0C for 9 hrs. The results showed that several combination of tensile strength ,yield strength ,elastic moduli can be generated from Al- 0.1wt% Zn-1.5 wt% Sn- 1.63 wt% In alloys before and after heat treatment at (262 0C for 3,6,9 hrs) to meet the needs of free machining aluminum alloy applications.                                                                        


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