THE CONCEPTUAL DEFECT OF THE LAW OF UNIVERSAL GRAVITATION OR ‘FREE FALL’: A DIALECTICAL REASSESSMENT OF KEPLER’S LAWS:
The concept of Universal Gravitation or “Free Fall” common to both Newton’s Law and the Theory of General Relativity (GR) of Albert Einstein is one-sided, idealistic and an anti-dialectical notion in cosmology. It is also in violation of the successful principle of Newton’s Third Law of “equal and opposite reaction” and the impossibility of the existence of a single isolated force in terrestrial mechanics. This conceptual defect of the theories of gravity as universal attraction leads to superluminal velocity of free falling mass points, cosmic paradoxes, singularities, “Black Holes”, “dark matter” and other cosmic mysteries. A reassessment of Kepler’s laws and a dialectical approach to astrophysics in particular and to cosmology in general, is proposed.
2. Malek, A. “The Philosophy of Space-Time: Whence Cometh Matter and Motion”, J.A.P, vol. 12, No. 2, (2016)
3. Engelhardt, W.W. “Free Fall in Gravitational Theory”, ResearchGate, January, (2017)
4. Marx, K., Capital, Foreign Language Publishing House, Moscow, vol. 1, 103 – 104 (1890)
5. Weston, T, Historical Materialism, 20, 3–38(2012)
6. Williams, D.R., NASA Goddard Space Flight Centre Greenbelt, MD 20771; Last Updated: 09 December (2016), DRW
7. Malek, A., “Ambartsumian, Arp and the Breeding Galaxies, Apeiron, Vol. 12. No. 2, 256-271 (2005)
8. Nesvorny, D., “Jumping Neptune can explain the Kupier belt kernel” Astron, J., 150, 68 (2015)
9. Malek, A., “The Dialectical Universe: Some Reflections on Cosmology, Agamee Prakashani, Dhaka, (2012)
Copyright (c) 2017 JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.
The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations. The submitting author is responsible for securing any permissions needed for the reuse of copyrighted materials included in the manuscript.
While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.