https://cirworld.com/index.php/jal/issue/feed JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN LINGUISTICS 2019-10-05T09:57:05+00:00 Gurpal Kaur editor@rajpub.com Open Journal Systems Interested in submitting to this journal? We recommend that you review the About the Journal page for the journal's section policies, as well as the Author Guidelines. Authors need to register with the journal prior to submitting or, if already registered, can simply log in and begin the five-step process. https://cirworld.com/index.php/jal/article/view/7992 Peer Assessment in Writing: A Critical Review of Previous Studies 2019-09-30T17:11:52+00:00 Sonia Dutta Gupta soniadg935@gmail.com Fatimah Abdullah fatima190081@yahoo.com Gu Li adore0411@gmail.com Yang Xueshuang 253114679@qq.com <p>Peer assessment has attracted more attention an effective assessment tool in recent years. Peer assessment refers to the arrangement for peers to consider the quality of learning outcomes of others of similar status, it received attention of various studies due to the growing interest in the student centered approach as learners need to be involved in the learning process even in the assessment. This paper is a critical review of previous studies on peer assessment in English as Second/Foreign Language (ESL/EFL) context. Fifteen peer assessment studies from 2004 to 2017 were extensively reviewed and systematically analyzed. Peer assessment of&nbsp; the reviewed studies were on the quality of the writing outcomes of students in the EFL/ESL contexts, as writing skill occupies an important role in teaching English language.&nbsp; As a critical review paper of these studies, this paper highlights practical use of peer assessment and the important challenges or issues that need to be considered when utilizing peer assessment in the classroom. This paper hopes that practical measures of peer assessment will be utilized effectively by educators in the ESL and EFL classrooms in the near future.</p> 2019-01-31T04:54:41+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN LINGUISTICS https://cirworld.com/index.php/jal/article/view/8046 An Alternative Approach to Linguistic Theories of Language Acquisition: Focus on The Cognitive Theory 2019-09-30T17:11:32+00:00 Hosni M. El-Dali hasan.mostafa@uaeu.ac.ae <p>Although linguistics provides a useful perspective on L<sub>2</sub> learning, it must be remembered that linguistics is only one of the disciplines that SLA research can draw on.&nbsp; With this in mind, this study provides a thumbnail sketch of some currently prevalent theories which try to explain how foreign languages are learned.&nbsp; It, also, spells out some alternatives to the linguistics-based approach to foreign language acquisition research.&nbsp; More specifically, some limitations of linguistic theories in addressing the role of mental processes in L<sub>2</sub> acquisition are identified and recent theoretical developments in cognitive psychology that can be applied to L<sub>2</sub> acquisition are outlined. Moreover, this study reports the results of an empirical investigation carried out by the author on 200 Egyptian University students enrolled in the department of English, Faculty of education, Minufiya University. They were divided into two groups according to their academic status: 1) Beginners (N=100); and 2) Advanced learners (N=100). It attempts to answer three interrelated questions: 1) to what extent does the advanced students’ performance in listening tasks differ from that of the beginning students before and after training? 2) how can two types of training (intensive listening vs. improving learners’ linguistic skills) affect L<sub>2</sub> learners’ listening comprehension skill?, and 3) what does students’ performance, before and after the training, tell us about their abilities to transfer?&nbsp; The instruments used are (1) pre-test; (2) classroom instruction sessions; (3) post-test, and (4) interviews. The data analysis has a quantitative and a qualitative, interpretative part.&nbsp; Results are obtained and discussed, and pedagogical applications are suggested.</p> 2019-01-31T04:54:50+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN LINGUISTICS https://cirworld.com/index.php/jal/article/view/8196 A Multimodal Discourse Analysis of the Interactive Meaning in Public Service Advertisement 2019-09-30T17:11:12+00:00 Shuting Liu liushuting0124@qq.com <p>On the basis of Kress and van Leeuwen’s Visual Grammar based on Halliday’s Systemic Functional Linguistics, this study explores the interactive meaning in three public service advertisement multimodal discourses, adding evidence to the assumption that Systemic Functional Linguistics can be applied to the multimodal discourse analysis of public service advertisement in a feasible and operational manner.</p> 2019-03-28T06:17:42+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Shuting Liu https://cirworld.com/index.php/jal/article/view/8211 Current Needs and Difficulties in English Language Skill Faced by The Tourism Students 2019-09-30T17:10:52+00:00 Ratnah . ratna.poltekpar@gmail.com <p>Recently, the development of tourism&nbsp; is increasing sharply and hotel industry has important role to support the tourism development in terms of providing the comfortable accommodation and excellent services and English language competencies should be possessed by the hotel employees in order to provide excellent services. However, some hotel employees still have low competence in English language skill. The purpose of this study is to find out the language skills that are mostly needed and categorized as the problems by the hotel employees in their work. This study employed quantitative study by using questionnaire and interview as the method of data collection.&nbsp; The sample of this study was taken by using purposive sampling by taking 30 tourism students who have just completed their six-month internship program in the industry. Based on the results of data analysis, it has been found that most language skills (listening, speaking, and writing) are categorized “High”&nbsp;&nbsp; used by the hotel employees, as their score between 3.41-4.20. While reading skills are categorized “Moderate” as its mean score between 2.61-3.40. And also All the language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) are categorized “High” as problems faced by the hotel employees, as their score between 3.41-4.20.&nbsp; &nbsp;</p> 2019-03-28T06:17:49+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Ratnah - - https://cirworld.com/index.php/jal/article/view/8154 Web-Based Language Learning for Enhancing Students’ Soft Skills in Mount Kenya University 2019-09-30T17:10:32+00:00 Anashia Ongonda oanashia@gmail.com Mary Nguvi Muindi oanashia@gmail.com <p>The application of an appropriate teaching methodology plays an important role in the acquisition of language skills. Soft skills such as oral and listening skills are all important for young adults who are about to enter the working world. However, soft skills are not well captured in the curriculum at the university level. Thus, employing Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT) may hinder learners from noticing these important skills that are useful in real life. This study aims to demonstrate that the combination of TBLT and web-based language learning enhances student’s ability to acquire soft skills that are paramount in their real life. The following hypothesis guided the study: soft skills are enhanced through the use of a combination of task-based language teaching and web-based language learning. The experimental research design was used for the current study where a pre-test/post-test methodology was utilized. The target population for the current study was 300 third-year students studying English as a second language. Therefore, thirty students formed a sample size of the current study and were subjects of the experiment during one semester. The experiment consisted of exposing two groups fifteen each, randomly sampled, to a set of activities but using different methods, one of which was Computer Assisted Language Learning. Participant observation method was also used and was deemed important for the interpretation of the quantitative data. Data were analysed quantitatively.&nbsp; Thus, the results of the current study were derived from statistical analysis. The mean in the performance of the control group and the experimental group was significantly different. The findings of the study show that when learners are exposed to the web and visual aids, they become actively involved in the process of learning unlike in an aural environment. The study recommends the use of Computer Assisted Language Learning as a method of motivating and enhancing student’s development of soft skills.</p> <p>The application of an appropriate teaching methodology plays an important role in the acquisition of language skills. Soft skills such as oral and listening skills are all important for young adults who are about to enter the working world. However, soft skills are not well captured in the curriculum at the university level. Thus, employing Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT) may hinder learners from noticing these important skills that are useful in real life. This study aims to demonstrate that the combination of TBLT and web-based language learning enhances student’s ability to acquire soft skills that are paramount in their real life. The following hypothesis guided the study: soft skills are enhanced through the use of a combination of task-based language teaching and web-based language learning. The experimental research design was used for the current study where a pre-test/post-test methodology was utilized. The target population for the current study was 300 third-year students studying English as a second language. Therefore, thirty students formed a sample size of the current study and were subjects of the experiment during one semester. The experiment consisted of exposing two groups fifteen each, randomly sampled, to a set of activities but using different methods, one of which was Computer Assisted Language Learning. Participant observation method was also used and was deemed important for the interpretation of the quantitative data. Data were analysed quantitatively.&nbsp; Thus, the results of the current study were derived from statistical analysis. The mean in the performance of the control group and the experimental group was significantly different. The findings of the study show that when learners are exposed to the web and visual aids, they become actively involved in the process of learning unlike in an aural environment. The study recommends the use of Computer Assisted Language Learning as a method of motivating and enhancing student’s development of soft skills.</p> 2019-05-30T06:11:35+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Anashia Ongonda, Mary Nguvi Muindi https://cirworld.com/index.php/jal/article/view/8271 A Multiple Draft Technique with Relevant Feedback to Improve Writing Skills 2019-09-30T17:10:10+00:00 Suvarna Ragini Chintapanti swarnaragini@rediffmail.com <p>Out of the four major skills, writing has become mandatory for academic success at secondary and tertiary levels. Writing has been taught for many years as a product rather than process during the students' formative years. In fact, there are many writing activities prescribed at the secondary level. However, most of the writing activities are neglected in the pretext of paucity of time or due to lack of interest among some teachers who consider evaluating the written assignments and giving feedback as laborious and peripheral tasks. As teachers of writing we are prone to expose our students to the rules of writing and grammar without developing their ability to express their ideas. Having identified the challenges faced by engineering students during writing tasks, the present study used the ‘multiple draft strategy’ with relevant feedback as an experimental method to explore its significance in developing the writing skills of the students at the tertiary level.</p> 2019-05-30T06:21:02+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Suvarna Ragini Chintapanti https://cirworld.com/index.php/jal/article/view/8444 Analyzing the Relationship of English Language Learning Anxiety and English Language Learning Strategy Use Among English Major Undergraduates in Shi Jiazhuang, China 2019-10-05T09:57:05+00:00 Wang Fei wangfei901417@gmail.com <p>The study investigated the general state of foreign language learning anxiety and the relationship between foreign language learning anxiety and foreign language learning strategy among English major college students in Shi Jiazhuang, China. The quantitative research method was adopted in this study. The instruments were Foreign Language Class Anxiety Scale and Strategy Inventory Language Learning. The subjects were 400 English major students from Shi Jiazhuang College. The results showed that there exists a negative relationship between foreign language learning anxiety and the use of foreign language learning strategy. According to the findings of this study, it is necessary to reduce learners’ foreign language learning anxiety so as to apply more types of foreign language learning strategies efficiently, especially for those foreign language learners with high-level learning anxiety. Some suggestions were put forward for pedagogical implications, which will make Chinese learners be more successful during the process for foreign language acquisition.</p> 2019-10-05T08:35:16+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 wang fei https://cirworld.com/index.php/jal/article/view/8453 Study of the Effects of Frequency on the Compression Process in Old and New Persian Dialogues in the Bybee Phonological Framework 2019-10-05T09:57:04+00:00 Razieh Kashefi Khishan baroquegroup.info@gmail.com Maryam Iraji mar.iraji@iauctb.ac.ir <p>The purpose of this research is an analytical analysis of the compression process (including deletion and merging) in old cinematic films compared to new cinematic films in Persian language. The old cinematic films selected for this study include two films, "Kaiser" and "Treasure of the Qaroon," and new cinematic films that examine two films," Life+1 Day "and “Lottery.” The theoretical framework has been used in Cognitive Phonology, Bybee (1999). The method of the present study is descriptive-analytical, and data collection is in library method. All the data has been pulled out from the dialouge of films, which been examined the compression process in the old and new films separately. In this research, we first examine the Utterance and discourse of the intended films in detail. At the end of the work, the elements of the Persian language are analyzed. The results indicate that the compression process in Persian language films has been araised, and in cases where more compressions have been done, their frequency has been higher. That is, in " Life+1 Day and “Lottery’s film, there are more compression processes than "Kaiser" and Treasure of the Qaroon’s film. The fact that the two categories of nouns and verbs are part of the basic entity of a phrase, such that if these categories are frequent then they are compressed or eliminated. On the other hand, the presence of an adjective, adverb, or letter to describe the replacement of noun or verb in the conceptual connection, which is sufficient to represent them, and this will support with Bybee's view point. So the compression, deleting or merging processes in data has shown less frequently.</p> 2019-10-05T08:46:37+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Razieh Kashefi Khishan, Maryam Iraji