Persuasive speech acts in the Namibian National Assembly

Justina Meluwa Latenda Amakali

Abstract


This paper examined the speech acts used by Namibian Members of Parliament (MPs) during parliamentary proceedings.
The main aim of this paper was to explain speech acts and show their intended persuasive effects in parliamentary
discourse. Austin (1962) introduced three types of speech acts, locutionary, illocutionary and perlocutionary. The paper
attempted to critically demonstrate how MPs use persuasion strategies in their debates. These speech acts were uttered
through assertives, directives, commissives, expressives, and declaratives, as classified by Searle (1969). A qualitative
approach was used in this paper whereby the Hansard were used to collect data. A purposeful sampling focusing on some
MPs was used. This paper was guided by two theories, Austin‟s Speech Act Theory and Aristotle‟s Theory of Rhetoric.
The need to apply rhetorical skills in debates is widely advocated for. Although not all members of parliament have a wide
knowledge of rhetoric, acquiring and employing skills on rhetoric are prominent aspects of parliamentary debates. The
findings of the paper revealed that members of parliament have the potential to use a variety of persuasive strategies in
their speech acts by means of some rhetorical devices. It was concluded that most MPs deliberately make use of these
speech acts as a persuasive mechanism in their discourse. Being the first study in parliamentary discourse in Namibia
with regards to rhetoric, it is considered to be unique and adds value in the field of linguistics. It also serves as a
pioneering research to researchers in political rhetoric.


Keywords


Speech acts; Speech Act Theory; Aristotle‟s Theory of Rhetoric; Rhetorical devices; Members of Parliament.

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