Efficacy of some biocides against Potato Leafhopper, Empoasca fabae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae), on cowpea
A field study was carried out in Khan Bani Saad district, Diyala province on 2015 to evaluate bio pesticides viz. Spinosad (Saccharopolyspora spinosa) , BSA3 (Beauveria bassiana) , Mycotal (Lecanecillium muscarium) and using chemical insecticide Hatchi hatchi 15% EC against Potato Leafhopper Empoasca fabae on cowpea. the rate of nymphs and adults population was significantly reduced in treatments Hatchi hatchi (1.8,3.7), Mycotal (3.3,4.7) , Spinosad (3.3,5.6)and BSA3 (3.7,6.4) compared with control (6.4,9.2) respectively. The results was showed that superiority of spinosad treatment in mortality of nymphs of E. fabae to (44.76%) with significant differences from other treatments followed by mycotal (41.31%), and then BSA3, which amounts to (29.77%). Mycotal was showed high mortality in the adults of E. fabae to 50.6% then Spinosad (39.49%) and BSA3 (30.15%) . This study shows that the use of one of these biocides in the field may be sufficient to reduce the numbers of nymphs and adults during the study season.
Pasquet R.S. and Baudoin J.P., 2001. Cowpea. In: Charrier A., Jacquot M., Hamon S. and Nicolas D. (eds), Tropical Plant Breeding. Science publishers, Enfield, pp. 177–198.
Fery, R. L.; Singh, B. B. ,1997. Cowpea genetics: a review of the recent literature. In: SINGH, B. B. et al. (Ed.) Advances in cowpea research. Ibadan: IITA: JIRCAS,. cap. 2, p. 13-15.
Lamp, W. O., G. R. Nielsen, and S. D. Danielson., 1994. Patterns among host plants of the potato leafhopper, Empoasca fabae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 67: 354Ð368.
Harris, T. W. 1841. A report on the insects of Massachusetts, injurious to vegetation. Folsom, Wells, and Thurston, Printers to the University, Cambridge, MA.
Trivedi , T.P. , Rajagopal , D. , 1999 . Integrated Pest Management in Potato . In: Upadhayay , R.K. , Mukeriji , K.G. , Dubey , O.P. (Eds.), IPM System in Agriculture, Cash Crops, Vol. 6 , Aditya Books Pvt. Ltd. , New Delhi, India , pp. 299 – 313 .
Anonymous 2004. Green pesticides in insect pest management. A report on the National Symposium on Green Pesticides for Insect Pest Manegement, Entomological Research Institute, Chennai. Current Science. 86(8): 1059- 1060.
Cotxarrera, L., M.I. Trillas-Gay, C. Steinberg and C. Alabouvette, 2002. Use of sewage sludge compost and Trichoderma asperellum isolates to suppress Fusarium wilt of tomato. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 34: 467–476.
Brimner, T.A. and G.J. Boland, 2003. A review of the non-target effect of fungi used to biologically control plant diseases. Agriculture, Ecosystem and environment100. 3-16.
Shah PA, Kooyman C, Paraiso A. 1997. Surveys for fungal pathogens of locusts and grasshoppers in Africa and the Near East. Mem Entomol Soc Can 171: 27-35. Parker BL, Skinner M,Costa SD, Gouli S, Ried W, El-Bouhsini M, 2003. Entomopathogenic fungi Eurygaster integriceps Puton (Hemiptera: Scautelleridae):collection and characterization for development. Biological Control.; 27: 260:272.
Elzen, G.W.; Elzen, P.J. and King, E.G., 1998. Laboratory toxicity of insecticide residues to Orius insidiosus, Geocoris punctipes, Hippoclamia convergens and Chyrosoperla carnea. Southw. Entomol., 23: 335-342.
Amiri, Salam Abbas 2009. Determination of the sources of heterogeneity of some isolates of Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. and its efficiency against Sesamia cretica Led. (Lep .: Noctuida) under field conditions, doctoral thesis. Baghdad University . faculty of Agriculture .
Abbott, W. S. 1925. A method of computing the effectiveness of an insecticide . Jou. Econ. Entomol. ; 18 : 265 – 267.
SAS , 2001. SAS/STAT. User’s Guide for personal computers. Release6.12 SAS Institute Inc., Cary . NC, U.S.A.
Mohamed Braham and Lobna Hajji, 2012. Management of Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae) with Insecticides on Tomatoes, Insecticides - Pest Engineering, 334-354.
Ghosh SK, Mahapatra GSS, Chakraborty G ,2009. Field efficacy of plant extracts and microbial insecticides against aphid (Aphis gossypii) infesting okra (Abelmoschus esculentus). Redia, Itali, XC11: 249-252.
Thompson G.D., Michel K.H., Zao R.C., Mynderse J.S., Mosburg C.T., Worden T.V., Chio E.H., Sparks T.C., Hutchins S.H., 1997. The discovery of Saccharopolyspora spinosa and a new class of insect control product. Down to earth, vol. 52, nr. 1, p. 1-5.
Salgado, V. 1998. Studies on the mode of action of spinosad: insect symptoms and physiological correlates. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. ; 60:91-102
Ren S.X., S. Ali, Z. Huang and J.H. Wu ,2010. Lecanicillium muscarium as microbial insecticide against whitefly and its interaction with other natural enemies, current research, technology and education topics in applied microbiology and microbial biotechnology,339-348.
Gindin G, Barash NI, Raccah B., 1994.Effect of endotoxic compounds isolates from Verticillium lecanii on the sweet potato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci. Phytoparasitica.; 22: 189-196.
Asghar Mohammadbeigi and G. Port,2013. Efficacy of Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae against Uvarovistia zebra (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) via contact and ingestion ,Intl J Agri Crop Sci. Vol., 5 (2), 138-146.
Zaki, H.N. 1998. Efficiency of the entomopathogenic fungus, Beauveria bassiana (Bals), against Aphis crassivora Koch and Bemesiatabaci, Gennadius. Journal of Applied Entomology 22: 397-399.
NARC, 2011. Action research on technology generation for the management of whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius). Annual Technical Report 2009-11. Entomology Division, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Khumaltar, Lalitpur 29-30.
Copyright (c) 2018 JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN BIOLOGY
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.