Distribution, Impacts and Management Option for Water Hyacinth (Eichhnornia Crassipes [Mart.] Solms) in Ethiopia: A Review
Water hyacinth (Eichhprnia crassipes) is the most dangerous and worst invasive aquatic weed in the worldwide including Ethiopia, and negatively affecting millions of water resources, fisheries, transportation and social structure. Water hyacinth was introduced in the water bodies of the Rift Valley in 68years ago and currently, the weed is distributed Lake Tana, Lake Abaya, Lake Koka, Koka Dam. The wide distribution and abundance of water hyacinth has led to decreased water availability and sustainable water biodiversity in Ethiopian lakes. However, the spread of water hyacinth is threatening not only water biodiversity but also socioeconomic development and human wellbeing. Water hyacinth in water bodies and nearby areas the local stakeholder has its negative impact on environmental problem and it’s influenced aquatics biodiversity. This review paper aimed to investigate the distribution, impacts and its integrated management option against water hyacinth in Ethiopia. Therefore, based on the review it can be concluded that human intervention is considered as the current problem of water resource in the country and further study is needed to sustain the water resource are needed to keep water hyacinth at unproblematic levels.
Patel S: Threats, management and envisaged utilizations of aquatic weed Eichhornia crassipes: an overview. Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology 2012, 11:249-259.
Zhang YY, Zhang DY, Barrett SC: Genetic uniformity characterizes the invasive spread of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), a clonal aquatic plant. Molecular ecology 2010, 19:1774-1786.
Taye T, Rezene F, Firehun Y, Derje T, Tamado T: Review invasive weed research in Ethiopia. Increasing crop production through improved plant protection 2009, 2:381-407.
Fessehaie R: Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes): A Review of its weed status in Ethiopia. Arem (Ethiopia) 2005.
Admas A, Sahle S, Belete E, Agidie A, Alebachew M: Controlling water hyacinth in lake tana using biological method at green house and pond level. Eur Exp Biol 2017, 7:30.
Balmford A, Bond W: Trends in the state of nature and their implications for human well?being. Ecology Letters 2005, 8:1218-1234.
Yirefu F, Struik P, Lantinga E, Tessema T: Occurrence and diversity of fungal pathogens associated with water hyacinth and their potential as biocontrol agents in the Rift Valley of Ethiopia. International Journal of Pest Management 2017, 63:355-363.
Afework D: Efficacy of integrated water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes [mart] solms) management strategies at wonji-shoa sugar factory. Ambo university college, 2008.
Firehun Y, Struik P, Lantinga E, Taye T: Joint use of insects and fungal pathogens in the management of waterhyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes): Perspectives for Ethiopia. J Aquat Plant Manage 2013, 51.
Dagno K, Lahlali R, Diourte M, Jijakli H: Fungi occurring on waterhyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Martius) Solms-Laubach) in Niger River in Mali and their evaluation as mycoherbicides. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 2012, 50:25-32.
Tegene S, Ayele N: Prevalence and intensity of water hyacinth infestation in the water bodies of Rift Valley, Ethiopia. The Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources Science 2014, 1:118-126.
Asmare E: Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipses) expansion and the fate of fishers around north eastern part of lake tana, ethiopia.
Coetzee J, Hill M, Julien M, Center T, Cordo H: Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms-Laub.(Pontederiaceae). Biological Control of Tropical Weeds using Arthropods Cambridge University Press, New York, NY 2009:183-210.
Dagno K, Lahlali R, Diourte M, Jijakli M: Effect of temperature and water activity on spore germination and mycelial growth of three fungal biocontrol agents against water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes). Journal of applied microbiology 2011, 110:521-528.
Firehun Y, Struik P, Lantinga E, Taye T: Water hyacinth in the Rift Valley water bodies of Ethiopia: Its distribution, socio-economic importance and management. Management of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes [Mart] Solms) using bioagents in the Rift Valley of Ethiopia 2014:17.
Ndimele P, Kumolu-Johnson C, Anetekhai M: The invasive aquatic macrophyte, water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solm-Laubach: Pontedericeae): problems and prospects. Research Journal of Environmental Sciences 2011, 5:509-520.
Ndimele P: The Effects ofWater Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes [Mart.] Solms) Infestation on the Physico-Chemistry, Nutrient and Heavy Metal Content of Badagry Creek and Ologe Lagoon, Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 2012, 5:128-136.
Firehun Y, Yohannes Z: Evaluation of some herbicides against water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes [Mart.] Solms) at Wonji-Shoa. In Proceedings of Ethiopian Sugar Industry Biennial Conference. 2009: 61-68.
Senayit R, Agajie T, Taye T, Adefires W, Getu E: Invasive Alien Plant Control and Prevention in Ethiopia. Pilot Surveys and Control Baseline Conditions Report submitted to EARO, Ethiopia and CABI under the PDF B phase of the UNEP GEF Project-Removing Barriers to Invasive Plant Management in Africa EARO, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2004.
Cho ME, Tifuh J: Quantification of the impacts of water hyacinth on riparian communities in Cameroon and assessment of an appropriate method of control: the case of the Wouri River Basin. 2012.
Kateregga E, Sterner T: Lake Victoria fish stocks and the effects of water hyacinth. The Journal of Environment & Development 2009, 18:62-78.
Wassie A, Miwuyelet M, Ayalew W, Dereje T, Woldegebrael W, Addisalem A, Wondie E: Water hyacinth coverage survey report on Lake Tana. technical report series 1. Blue Nile Water Institute: Bahir Dar; 2014.
Asmare E: Current Trend of Water Hyacinth Expansion and Its Consequence on the Fisheries around North Eastern Part of Lake Tana. 2017.
Beyene EA: Impact of climate change and anthropogenic activities on livelihood of fishing community around Lake Tana, Ethiopia. EC Agriculture 2016, 3:548-557.
Kebede MT, Gubale AG: Fishery management problems in Ethiopia: natural and human induced impacts and the conservation challenges. Reviews in Fisheries Science & Aquaculture 2016, 24:305-313.
Pysek P, Richardson DM: Invasive species, environmental change and management, and health. Annual review of environment and resources 2010, 35:25-55.
Gichuki J, Omondi R, Boera P, Okorut T, Matano AS, Jembe T, Ofulla A: Water Hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms-Laubach dynamics and succession in the Nyanza Gulf of Lake Victoria (East Africa): implications for water quality and biodiversity conservation. The Scientific World Journal 2012, 2012.
Yirefu F, Tafesse A, Gebeyehu T, Tessema T: Distribution, impact and management of water hyacinth at Wonji-Shewa Sugar Factory. Eth J Weed Manag 2007, 1:41-52.
Jones RW: The impact on biodiversity, and integrated control, of water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes (Martius) Solms-Laubach (Pontederiaceae) on the Lake Nsezi-Nseleni River System. Rhodes University, 2009.
Waithaka E: Impacts of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) on the fishing communities of Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Journal of Biodiversity Endanger Species 2013, 1:108.
Vila M, Espinar JL, Hejda M, Hulme PE, Jarosik V, Maron JL, Pergl J, Schaffner U, Sun Y, Pysek P: Ecological impacts of invasive alien plants: a meta?analysis of their effects on species, communities and ecosystems. Ecology letters 2011, 14:702-708.
Malik A: Environmental challenge vis a vis opportunity: the case of water hyacinth. Environment international 2007, 33:122-138.
Firehun Y, Struik P, Lantinga E, Taye T: Joint use of insects and fungal pathogens in the management of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes): Perspectives for Ethiopia. J Aquat Plant Manage 2013, 51.
Borokoni T, Babalola F: Management of invasive plant species in Nigeria through economic exploitation: lessons from other countries. Management of Biological Invasions 2012, 3:45-55.
Tipping PW, Sosa A, Pokorny EN, Foley J, Schmitz DC, Lane JS, Rodgers L, Mccloud L, Livingston-Way P, Cole MS: Release and establishment of Megamelus scutellaris (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) on waterhyacinth in Florida. Florida Entomologist 2014, 97:804-806.
Firehun Y, Struik P, Lantinga E, Taye T: Adaptability of two weevils (Neochetina bruchi and Neochetina eichhorniae) with potential to control water hyacinth in the Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Crop Protection 2015, 76:75-82.
Waipara N, Bourdôt G, Hurrell G: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum shows potential for controlling water lettuce, alligator weed and wandering jew. New Zealand Plant Protection 2006, 59:23-27.
El-Morsy E: Evaluation of microfungi for the biological control of water hyacinth in Egypt. Fungal Divers 2004, 16:35-51.
Williams AE, Hecky RE, Duthie HC: Water hyacinth decline across Lake Victoria was it caused by climatic perturbation or biological control? A reply. Aquatic Botany 2007, 87:94-96.
Venter N, Hill MP, Hutchinson SL, Ripley BS: Weevil borne microbes contribute as much to the reduction of photosynthesis in water hyacinth as does herbivory. Biological Control 2013, 64:138-142.
Copyright (c) 2019 Yigerm Mengist, Yohannes Moges
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.