Heavy metals concentrations in bee products collected from contaminated and non-contaminated areas from Upper Egypt Governorates

  • Abd El-Aleem Saad Desoky Sohag University
  • N. S. Omran Sohag University
  • M.O. M. Omar Assiut University
  • M. H. Hussein Assiut University
  • M. M. Abd-Allah Sohag University
Keywords: heavy metal, bee products, contaminated areas, bee honey, beeswa, bee bread


Twenty fresh clover honey, ten beeswax and ten bee bread samples represented contaminated and non-contaminated areas were collected directly from the apiaries during 2015 .The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of toxic metals ( Lead (Pb), Cadmium (Cd), Iron (Fe), Copper (Cu) and Zinc (Zn)) in honey, beeswax and bee bread stored inside honey bee colonies. The highest lead contents (0.5488 mg/kg) was estimated in honey samples collected from industrialized area The lowest Pb content were estimated in honey samples collected from rural area (0.5096 mg/kg).
The lowest Cd concentration (0.0961 mg/kg). However, the highest content of Cd (0.1042 mg/kg) was recorded in honey samples collected from urbanized areas. High concentration of (Cu) was estimated in honey samples collected from apiaries located in industrialized area (0.0757 mg/kg) while the lowest were recorded in rural area (0.0432 mg/kg) . Zn occurred in low concentration in honey samples The highest value was recorded in honey samples from rural area (0.241) mg/kg and the lowest in honey samples from apiaries located in Reclaimed soils (0.185) mg/kg. Heavy metal
concentrations of Pb, Cd, Fe, Cu and Zn in beeswax samples collected from contaminated and non-contaminated areas were 1.388, 0.194, 16.696, 0.619 and 4.606 mg/kg. While the averages of heavy metal concentrations in non contaminated area decreased to 1.175; 0.160; 15.466; 0.391 and 2.520 mg/kg, respectively. Contamination in bee bread samples showed that lead concentration (1.094 mg/kg to 1.338 mg/kg) was detected in bee bread samples collected from honey bee colonies located in non-contaminated areas and samples collected from( industrialized and urban areas).


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Author Biographies

Abd El-Aleem Saad Desoky, Sohag University

Professor Assistant of Agricultural Zoology Plant Protection Department
Faculty of Agriculture Sohag University

N. S. Omran, Sohag University

Faculty of Agriculture, Sohag University, Egypt.

M.O. M. Omar, Assiut University

Faculty of Agriculture, Assiut University, Egypt.

M. H. Hussein, Assiut University

Faculty of Agriculture, Assiut University, Egypt.

M. M. Abd-Allah, Sohag University

Faculty of Agriculture, Sohag University, Egypt.


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How to Cite
Desoky, A., Omran, N., Omar, M., Hussein, M., & Abd-Allah, M. (2019). Heavy metals concentrations in bee products collected from contaminated and non-contaminated areas from Upper Egypt Governorates. JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN AGRICULTURE, 10, 1657-1666. https://doi.org/10.24297/jaa.v10i0.8149