HYBRID APPROACH USING MOBILE SINK AND FUZZY LOGIC FOR REGION BASED CLUSTERING IN WSN
Wireless sensor network has revolutionized the way computing and software services are delivered to the clients on demand. Wireless sensor network is very important to the mankind. It consist of number of sensor called nodes and a base station. Nodes collect data and send to the base station. There are number of nodes which send data at a time. So, number of problems are occurred. So, far this nodes are divided into cluster then a cluster head will be formed. WSN is a battery powered system. When the battery is died no data send or received. So when all nodes participate for sending and receiving data then system is died earlier. Our research work proposed a new method for cluster head selection having less computational complexity. It was also found that the modified approach has improved performance to that of the other clustering approaches. The network area is divided into same sized small–small regions. Sensor nodes are randomly deployed in each predefined sub-area. Each region will have its region head (RH) and multiple member nodes. The member nodes in a specific region will send the data to the RH. RH within the region will be elected by distributed mechanism and will be based on fuzzy variables. It was found that the proposed algorithm gives a much improved network lifetime as compared to existing work. Based on our model, transmission tuning algorithm for cluster-based WSNs has been proposed to balance the load among cluster heads that fall in different regions. This algorithm is applied prior to a cluster algorithm to improve the performance of the clustering algorithm without affecting the performance of individual sensor nodes.
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