Watermarking Using LSB Shifting to Document Protection

  • Wasilah Wasilah Faculty of Computer Science, Darmajaya Informatics and Business Institute Jl. Z.A Pagar Aam No.93, Bandar Lampung
  • Suhendro Y. Irianto Faculty of Computer Science, Darmajaya Informatics and Business Institute Jl. Z.A Pagar Aam No.93, Bandar Lampung
  • Dona Yuliawati Faculty of Computer Science, Darmajaya Informatics and Business Institute Jl. Z.A Pagar Aam No.93, Bandar Lampung
Keywords: watermarking, Least Bit Significant, copy right


The original signature or document. The application demonstrates that it can be used to protect a document or signature from fraud by an authorize person. Criminal can be considered as Harmful act or omission against the public which the State wishes to prevent and which, upon con eviction, is punishable by fine, imprisonment, and/or death. No conduct constitutes a crime unless it is declared criminal in the laws of the country. Some crimes (such as theft or criminal damage) may also be civil wrongs (torts) for which the victim(s) may claim damages in compensation. Criminals may be happened in every sector and in daily life. Criminal acts may be in the form of copy right fraud and signature forgery. In this work we try to solve or prevent those criminals. By using watermarking technique, the work proposed to introduce new technique to protect document originality quickly and accurately. Watermarking was carried out by inserting an image or text into signature image in order to protect. The work shows that file size produced by integrating the two same files but on different file stored and also produce different file size. Moreover Testing shows that steganography of image file with JPEG format and file image hidden with JPEG format which produced other small size of file from file steganography storage such as BMP and PNG formats.


[1] Ajay Goel,O.P.Sahu , Ajay Goel.2011. Improved Digital Watermarking Techniques and Data Embedding In Multimedia. Journals in Science and Technology,Vol. 02, No. 02, 2010, 164-168
[2] Dugelay J. L., , S. Roche, C. Rey, G. Doërr. 2006. Still-image water-marking robust to local geometric distortions.IEEE Trans. on Image Proc., vol. 15, no. 9, Pp. 2831-2842.
[3] Ema Utami.2009. Pendekatan Metode Least Bit Modification Untuk Merancang Aplikasi Steganography Pada File Audio Digital Tidak Terkompresi. Jurnal Dasi. Vol. 10 No. 1, Issn: 1411-3201. (in Bahasa)
[4] Onkar Dabeer, Kenneth Sullivan, And Upamanyu Madhow. 2007. Detection Of Hiding In The Least Significant Bit. IEEE Transactions On Signal Processing, Vol. 52, No. 10.
[5] Chauhan Usha, and Singh Rajeev Kuma. 2016. Digital Image Watermarking Techniques and Applications: A Survey, Volume 6, Issue 3, Pp. 533-540, ISSN: 2277 128X
[6] Sukhraj Kaur, Navjot Kaur.2015. Performance Evaluation of Digital Watermarking Using DWT, CZT and Negative Selection Algorithm based SVD, International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT), Volume 5, Issue 1,Pp.132-139.
[7] Ragini Sharma1 , Er. Surbhi Gupta. 2015. Digital Watermarking with DWT & DCT using Bit Plane Encryption, Vol. 4, Issue 12, Pp. 414-419.
[8] Ryanti Irviantina, Sunario Megawan, Jonni,. Aplikasi Teknik Adaptive Digital Image Watermarking Untuk Proteksi Hak Cipta Citra Digital. JSM STMIK Mikroskil: ISSN.1412-0100: 2015 vol 16 No 1: 113-123. (In Indonesia)
How to Cite
Wasilah, W., Irianto, S. Y., & Yuliawati, D. (2016). Watermarking Using LSB Shifting to Document Protection. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS & TECHNOLOGY, 15(12), 7322-7328. https://doi.org/10.24297/ijct.v15i12.3968