A Novel Way to Detect Hard Exudates Using Dynamic Thresholding Technique in Digital Retinal Fundus Image
Diabetic retinopathy is considered to be one of the major causes of blindness among diabetes mellitus patients. Due to diabetic retinopathy blood vessels of retina gets damaged and fat, lipoprotein substances gets leaked out of the damaged blood vessels and are deposited in the intra retinal space. These substances are viewed as yellowish or whitish in color and are termed as exudates. They are the most important visible sign of the presence of diabetic retinopathy. Exudates are of two types, (a) hard exudates and (b) soft exudates. If the disease is not detected in early stages then it may lead to complete loss of vision to the diabetes patients. Detection of exudates is extremely difficult to detect by visual inspection due to small inner diameter of retina and inadequate lighting conditions. An efficient image analysis program can detect the presence effectively. In this paper we have proposed an automatic method for detection of hard exudates. The proposed method exhibits a sensitivity of 97.60% and specificity of 93% and accuracy of 95.70%.
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