Congestion Control for Fault Tolerant Multicast Routing in MANET
AbstractMobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) is a collection of two or more devices or nodes or terminals with wireless communications and networking capability that communicate with each other without the aid of any centralized administrator a dynamic network consisting of several mobile nodes communicating wirelessly. MANET is an infrastructure less network and each member node is free to move in and out of the network in a random manner. Congestion may occur in any node when data packets travel from source to destination. Controlling congestion is critical to ensure adequate network operation and performance. Due to this mobile nature of the nodes in MANET, the possibility for the network to get congested is high. This may result in isolated nodes and reduced network performance. So in this paper, we proposed to develop a congestion control technique for fault tolerant multicast routing in MANET. In this technique, the congestion probability around the forwarding node is initially estimated and then according to the congestion level, the future transmission rates are adapted. The data transmission rate is varied dynamically to efficiently handle the congestion in the network. In this way, the network performance is enhanced.
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