Factors Contributing To Low Sanitation Coverage In Mutare Rural Ward 15 Manicaland Province, Zimbabwe

  • Whatmore Chikwature Africa University
  • Emilia Chikwature St Josephs High School Paulington
Keywords: sanitation, diseases, hygiene

Abstract

The research was carried out to investigate the causes of low sanitation and hygiene coverage in Mutare rural ward 15 in Manicaland province, Zimbabwe. The study aimed at establishing factors contributing to low sanitation and hygiene coverage as well as determining the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the community members on sanitation and hygiene. The study was carried out in Mutare rural Ward 15. The community members and programme implementers were selected as study elements. Information was gathered using focus group discussion, interviews and observations. Data collected was presented quantitatively using tables and also qualitatively, providing facts. The stratified and purposive probability sampling was used to draw out household members in the study population. Other subjects in the research included 2 sanitation and hygiene programme implementers, one from Ministry of Health & Child Care and Mutare rural Ward 15 Councilor respectively. The research findings revealed that, low sanitation and hygiene was due to, the community’s negative attitude towards sanitation and hygiene programs, their cultural values, inadequate resources, lack of supervision, as well as the type of soil. This study concluded that knowledge, attitudes and practices of the community, inadequate supervision and resources as well as the type of soil contributed to low sanitation and hygiene coverage. The research therefore recommended that, the community be adequately educated and be provided with enough resources so as to increase coverage in sanitation and hygiene

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Author Biographies

Whatmore Chikwature, Africa University

Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education, Science and Technology Development, Africa University, Zimbabwe

Emilia Chikwature, St Josephs High School Paulington

St Josephs High School Paulington, Mutare

References

A WASHplus Weekly: Focus on Ecological Sanitation (Jan 2012)

A WASHplus Weekly: Hygiene BehaviorUpdate (June 2015)

Kalbermatten J. M. et al (1980): Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation Planners Guide Volume 2, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Washington D.C.

Kerr C. (1990): Community Health and Sanitation, Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

Ministry of Health & Child Welfare (1999) – Working for Quality and Equity in Health, Sanitation Week National Health Strategy for Zimbabwe, Institute of Water, sanitation Development (1998)

Morgan Peter (2009): Rural Water Supplies and Sanitation, Blair Research Laboratory, Ministry of Health & Child Welfare, Harare.

National Health Strategy for Zimbabwe, Institute of Water, sanitation Development (2008).

World Health Organization. (Nov 2004) Dr LEE Jong-wook, Director-General

www.hygiene.sanitationupdate.htm

www.who.int/water sanitation health/monitoring/jmp 2018/en/inedx.html

Published
2019-02-28
How to Cite
Chikwature, W., & Chikwature, E. (2019). Factors Contributing To Low Sanitation Coverage In Mutare Rural Ward 15 Manicaland Province, Zimbabwe. JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, 14, 3104-3113. https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v14i0.8163
Section
Articles