JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN POLITICAL SCIENCE http://cirworld.com/index.php/jps An open access, scholarly, online, peer-reviewed, monthly, fully refereed International journal. en-US <p><a title="Copyright Notice" href="https://cirworld.com/cir/copyright-notice/" target="_blank">Copyright Notice</a></p> jps@cirworld.com (Chief Editor) editor@cirworld.com (Editorial Support Team) Sat, 27 May 2017 06:52:08 +0000 OJS 3.1.0.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Entangled in Electoralism and Narcissistic Leadership Disorder?: Furthering Democracy Beyond Electoral Procedures in Africa http://cirworld.com/index.php/jps/article/view/6082 <p>Democratic elections are widely recognized as a foundation of legitimate government. Despite significant steps towards democratisation in the last two decades, problems of consolidation are evident in Africa. In several countries, semi-authoritarian regimes persist while leadership failure becomes a common denominator across the governance spectrum. Yet, leadership is a necessary factor in every sphere of life, especially at the political level where decisions and actions affect the entire members of a nation. Narcissistic Leadership Disorder as used in this essay is a coined version of Narcissistic Personality Disorder in psychology which is a mental disorder in which people have an inflated sense of their own importance, a deep need for admiration, and a lack of empathy for others. For some African political leaders(or narcissist-politicians), given their grandiose sense of self, they are inclined to believe they can get away with almost everything&nbsp;including periodic but manipulated elections and constitution, ironically, in the name of democracy. The thrust of this essay is that consolidating democracy in terms of building democratic institutions and the capacity of the narcissist-politicians to manage the political and economic processes of society for development remains a major challenge for many African countries.</p> Mike Omilusi, Mike Omilusi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://cirworld.com/index.php/jps/article/view/6082 Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 +0000 The Impact of Information and Communication Technology Application on the 2015 General Elections in Nigeria http://cirworld.com/index.php/jps/article/view/6105 <p>The electoral procedure in Nigeria over time has been marred by violence, partly as a result of the lack of confidence in the electoral commission and the entire process. This study examined the impact of the application of ICT on the conduct of the 2015 general elections in Nigeria, and argued that technological innovations associated with the general elections improved the credibility of the outcome. This led to high approval ratings by electoral observers, reduced cases of post-election petition and violence, as well as renewed confidence in the electoral umpire (INEC) by the citizens. The study observed that there were some technical challenges associated with the adoption of biometric voting technology, mostly as a result of the novelty of the machines and a low-level of ICT literacy in the country. The study however supported the adoption and sustenance of such technologies in the electoral process. Thus, it recommended that there is a need to reform the Electoral Act so as to institutionalize the electronic voting system in the country, as well as improve on political education of citizens on the use of electronic machines in the electoral process in Nigeria.</p> Raymond Adibe, Cyril Ike, Itoro Akpan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://cirworld.com/index.php/jps/article/view/6105 Sat, 27 May 2017 06:50:44 +0000 Uncompleted countermeasures in international law http://cirworld.com/index.php/jps/article/view/6192 <p>Countermeasures will resolve the responsibility of the government for redress. However, if the fail government could not injure in this way damages to compensate the party or all the method is not cross-over. Other peaceful means must be blocked, because grounds for adopting the ways provided by the letter of United Nations Charter and international law for security purposes and the prevention conflicts in international relations. Special situations International Court of Justice to look at legal issues to prevent the feeling of loss and its consequences in international relations, Special situations International Court of Justice to look at legal issues to prevent the feeling of loss and they are impressive consequences in international relations. Supposing your vote at the court relied on asymmetry and development of countermeasures against the responsible State and the injured with the criterion of the public conscience.</p> Mahmoud Bagheri ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://cirworld.com/index.php/jps/article/view/6192 Sat, 16 Sep 2017 05:06:52 +0000 FIDEL CASTRO AND THE CONSOLIDATION OF THE CUBAN REVOLUTION, 1959-1963. http://cirworld.com/index.php/jps/article/view/6232 <p>This paper explores the success story of the Cuban revolution of 1959. It documents the remote and immediate factors that instigated the revolution, particularly, the resentment against the corrupt, repressive and dictatorial rule of Fulgencio Batista; America’s neocolonial domination of Cuban economy and politics as well as; the lackluster economic growth of Cuba that benefitted foreigners but impoverished Cuban peasants. The paper further interrogate the factors that aided the success of the revolution and the many reforms introduced by Fidel Castro, the charismatic leader of the revolution, right from the first month of the new government; through which the revolution was consolidated initially, and has remained formidable since the past fifty-eight years, even in the midst of United States antagonism. The study employed the eclectic method of inquiry adopting mix of historical, descriptive and interpretative methods of data collection and analysis. The study relied heavily on secondary data sourced from journal articles, textbooks, newspapers and magazines and other relevant materials including theses, dissertations and government reports. Facts and information obtained were, however, subjected to corroboration and critical analysis to enhance objectivity.</p> Johnson Olaosebikan Aremu, Adeyinka Theresa Ajayi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://cirworld.com/index.php/jps/article/view/6232 Sat, 16 Sep 2017 06:16:19 +0000 Security Governance and the Sustenance of Boko Haram Terrorism in Nigeria http://cirworld.com/index.php/jps/article/view/6266 <p>For over eight years now, the Nigerian State has been troubled by the activities of the Boko Haram terrorists. In spite of the military offensives by the Nigerian government, the Boko Haram sect, on many occasions, executed reprisal attacks for such operations of the security agencies against its members. &nbsp;It is argued in this essay that the Nigerian military repression of Boko Haram’s July 2009 uprising and the emergency rule imposed by the federal government in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states in north-east-Nigeria in 2012 certainly contributed to an intensification of violence and the group’s transformation into a terrorist group. Equally contributory was the extra-judicial killing of Mohammed Yusuf in police custody in July 2009 which led to the enthronement of the more radicalized members of the group headed by Abubakar Shekau. This essay examines the nature and character of the security governance in the country in relation to the fight against terrorism. It also interrogates the various factors that sustained the Boko Haram insurgency within the context of small arms and light weapons proliferation, funding, training and affiliation. It discusses the existing legislation aimed at combating terrorism in the country and other counterinsurgency measures.</p> Mike Omilusi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://cirworld.com/index.php/jps/article/view/6266 Sat, 16 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000 RECURRING ISSUES IN THE CONCEPT AND PROCESS OF GLOBALISATION: A LITERATURE REVIEW http://cirworld.com/index.php/jps/article/view/6278 <p>The central argument of this paper, at once implicit or explicit is that the term globalization has remained an obscure one that is often expressed and explained by what it is not than what it is. It is a process or concept expressing a multiplicity of linkages, intertwining and interconnectedness that now define the nature and character of contemporary world system. The diversity and multiplicity of meaning and interpretations has created various contradictions whose observations cannot still be undermined by practitioners and scholars. Hence the imperativeness of a cursory overview of the literature on this term that has continued to shape the socio-cultural, economic and political sphere of contemporary society. This review of the literature attempt to historicize, reveal the perspectives, explain the effects and prospects of the concept or process of globalization.</p> Oladiran Afolabi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://cirworld.com/index.php/jps/article/view/6278 Mon, 18 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0000