The narration method of “Story speech” in the novel “Mawsim al-Hijra ila al-Shamal” (Seasons of Migration to the North) by Tayeb Salih

  • Masoud Bavanpouri Shahid Madani University
  • Amir Moqaddam Mottaqi Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University
  • Abdolahad Ghaibi Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University
  • Hadiseh Motavali Islamic Azad University
Keywords: Mawsim al-Hijraila al-Shamal, Narration, Speech, Narrator, Tayeb Salih


The speech of characters is one of the important elements of story as it defines the thoughts of the story and it can promote the events of story. A narrator transfers the speech from the author to the reader and it is manifested as “The narration methods of story speeches”. The story speeches are dived into five groups as direct, indirect, free direct and free indirect and narrative report. In the famous novel “Mawsim al-Hijra ila al-Shamal ” by “Tayeb Salih”, contemporary Sudani author, the mentioned methods are manifested based on narrative situation of story. The story is started with the first person view and the narrator presents the report and other methods are dominant as the characters are increased. The present study is a descriptive-analytic design showing that the direct speech is highly frequent in the novel.

Author Biographies

Masoud Bavanpouri, Shahid Madani University

Ph.D. student, Departement of Arabic and Literature, Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran

Amir Moqaddam Mottaqi, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University

Associate Professor of Arabic Language and literature , Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University

Abdolahad Ghaibi, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University

Associate Professor of Arabic Language and literature , Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University

Hadiseh Motavali, Islamic Azad University

Ph.D. student, Departement of Arabic and Literature. Islamic Azad University, Garmsar Branch. Iran


1. Ayub, Mohammad. 2001. Alzomn, ValsardAlGhesas Fi Revayate Al-Felestiniyate Al-Moaser. 1973-1994. Darolsandbad Lelnashrvaltuzi, Bija.
2. Irani, Naser. 2001. Novel art. Abangah. Tehran.
3. Al-kordi, Abdolrahim, 2006. Alsard Fi Al-Revayeh Al-Moasere. Maktabe Al-Adab Alghahere Altabae Alola.
4. Alnaghash, Raja. 1971. Odaba Moaserun, Alhalal Algha here.
5. Ahmadi, Babak. 1996. Some lessons of art philosophy. Markaz. Tehran. Second edition.
6. Aboof, Abdolrahman. 1997. Albahs An Torogh Jadid Leghese Alghasire Almesrie. Elahie Alame. Al-Gha here.
7. Okhovat, Ahmad. 1992. Grammar of story. Farda. Isfahan.
8. Asaburger, Arthur. 2001. Narration in local culture. Media and routine life. Translated by Mohammad Reza Liravi, Sorush. Tehran.
9. Biniaz, Fatollah. 2008. An introduction to storytelling and narratology. Afraz publications. Tehran. First edition.
10. Tolan, Michele. 2007. Narratology. An introduction to critical linguistics. Translated by SeyedFatemeAlavi and Fateme Nemati. SAMT. Tehran. First edition.
11. Zeitooni, Latif. 2002. Moajam Mostalahat Naghd Alravie (Arabic, English, French). DarolnahaLelnashr. Lebanon.
12. Salih, Tayeb. 1981. Mawsim al-Hijraila al-Shamal. Darolode, Beirust. Altabe Sales Ashar.
13. Ghabrayi, Mehdi. 2012. The season of migration to north. Tayeb Salih. Poyande publication. Tehran.
14. Mirsadeghi, Jalal. 1987. Story literature. Shafa. Tehran.
15. Thesis and papers
16. Rahguyi, Faride. 2008. Representing speech: In story, newspaper. Journal of literal critic. First year. NO. 3.
17. Mohammadi, Majid; Parvini, Khalil Mirzayi, Faramarz. The conflict between place and semaintic functions in the novel “Mawsim al-Hijraila al-Shamal”. Two scientific and research journals of contemporary Arabic literature. Year 3.
18. Molavi, Masume. 2010. The evaluation of works of Tayeb Salih with emphasis on story elements in the novel “Mawsim al-Hijraila al-Shamal”. MA thesis. Arak University.
19. Nasihat, Nahid; Mirzayi, Faramarz. 2012. The narration method of story speeches in the novel “Al- rollah. Journal of Arabic literature. Fourth year. NO. 4.