Technical Efficiency of Plantain Production in Ekiti Southwest Local Government Area of Ekiti State, Nigeria
This study examined the technical efficiency of plantain production in Ekiti Southwest Local Government Area (LGA) of Ekiti State, Nigeria. The study used multistage sampling techniques for data collection. Data were collected from 90 plantain farmers through well-structured questionnaires from the LGA with three towns purposively selected. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, budgetary analysis and stochastic frontier production model. Results from descriptive analysis showed that 48.88 percent of the plantain farmers had secondary education and above. Majority of the respondents (66.67 percent) had between 5 and 8 members that made up the household in the study area. Findings further showed that majority of the respondents produced on small scale with average plantain farm size of 0.96 hectares. The farmers were fairly experienced with 44.44 percent of them had more than 15 years of farming experience. With mean profit of ₦251,500 per hectare and percentage profit of 63.11 percent, the venture was considered to be highly profitable. Farmers who invested ₦1 realized revenue of ₦0.63. The RTS parameter (0.931) was obtained from the summation of the coefficients of the estimated inputs (elasticities) which indicated that plantain production in the study area was in Stage II of the production surface meaning that these variables were efficiently utilized. Depreciation, hired labour, family labour, farm size and quantity of suckers planted were the significant variables that influence efficiency of the plantain farmers. Age, land acquisition and access to credit contributed significantly to technical inefficiency. Among the most prevalent constraints were; price fluctuation (72.22%), heavy wind (70.00%), high cost of farm input (68.89%), pests and diseases and pilferage (63.33%) each, insufficient credit facility, storage facility and poor agricultural extension services (62.22%) respectively.
2. Awotide, D.O, Rahji, M.A.Y, Adejobi, A.O and Bamire, A.S (2014). Technical Efficiency and Management Factors in Plantain Production in Humid Forest Zone of Nigeria: A Simulation Analysis. South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences. NS 8 (2005) No 2: 238-245.
3. Fortaleza, C (2012). The ultimate wealth guide to making millions of Naira yearly with plantain farming in Nigeria. http://www.plantain farming.blogspot.com/
4. Food and Agriculture Organization FAO STAT (2013): FAO Statistics Division 2013. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Production Year book, FAO Rome. http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/DesktopDefault.aspx#ancor
5. Food and Agriculture Organization. 1986. Production Yearbook 1986. FAO, Rome. http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/DesktopDefault.aspx#ancor International Network for Improvement of Banana and Plantain (INIBAP) 2003; Networking Banana and Plantain, Montpellier, France, 24.
6. Latham, M. C. 2001. La nutrition dans les pays en development, In Info Musa Africa: Abstract from International Conference on plantain and banana for Africa. International Journal on Banana and Plantain, 16 (1):5 - 12.
7. Maps of world (2016) Top 10 Plantain Producing Countries. www.mapsofworld.com (Assessed 13/6/2016).
8. Ogundari K, Ojo S.O. The determinants of technical efficiency in mixed crop food production in Nigeria: A stochastic parametric approach. Proceedings of the 1st Annual Conference on Developments in Agriculture and Biological Science, 21st April, 2005. School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. 2005; 159–164.
9. Okoruwa, V. O., Sowunmi, F. A., Ogundele, F. O., Omigie, C. O (2014): Resource - Use Efficiency: An Application of Stochastic Frontier Production Function to Plantain Farmers in Ogun State, Nigeria. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development www.iiste.org ISSN 2222-1700 (Paper) ISSN 2222-2855 (Online) Vol.5, No.21, 2014.
10. Oso, A.A., M. O. Olaniyi and O. J. Ayodele (2014): Plantain Production Systems of Ekiti and Ondo States, Nigeria: Farmers’ Perception of Loss in Perennial Productivity and Abandonment of Orchards. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology 3(6): 630-637, 2014; Article no. AJAEES.2014.6.014.
11. Osundare, F.O. and R.S. Owoeye (2016): Appraisal of Efficiency of Fadama Maize Farmers in Osun State, Nigeria. Asian Research Journal of Agriculture 1(4): 1-9, 2016, Article no.ARJA.28904.
12. Sekunmade, A.B., and R.S. Owoeye (2016): Climate Change Adaptation Practices and Technical Efficiency of Cassava Production in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development: ISSN-2360-798X, Vol. 4(5): pp 440-447, June, 2016.
13. Tadesse B, Krishnamoorthy S (1997) Technical Efficiency in Paddy Farms of Tamil Nadu: An Analysis based on Farm Size and Ecological Zone. Agricultural Economics. 16:185-192.
14. Tijani, I. A., B.T. Omonona, Ashaolu, O.F. and O.M. Bamiro (2009): Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences, 3(2): 183-187, 2009 ISSN 1995-0772 © 2009, American Eurasian Network for Scientific Information.
Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.
The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations. The submitting author is responsible for securing any permissions needed for the reuse of copyrighted materials included in the manuscript.
While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.